Crater Amundsen ( lat. Amundsen ) - a large impact crater located in the southern circumpolar region on the visible side of the moon . Therefore, he was named after the famous polar traveler Royal Amundsen , who first reached the South Pole of the Earth . The name was approved by the International Astronomical Union in 1964. The formation of the crater belongs to the nectar period  .
Clementine probe snapshot
The immediate neighbors of this crater are the craters Scott , Svedberg , Von Bayer , Wapowski in the northwest; Hederwary Crater in the north; Idelson and Hanswindt Craters in the northeast; Faustini Crater in the south and Nobile Crater in the west  . The selenographic coordinates of the crater are , diameter - 103 km  , depth - 5.87 km  .
The crater has a protrusion in the southern part, a polygonal shaft shape, an inner slope of the shaft of a terrace-like structure, especially pronounced in the southern part, where the slope is much wider. The height of the shaft above the surrounding area is 1490 m  , the volume of the crater is approximately 10,000 km³  . The bottom of the crater bowl is relatively flat with several small central peaks. Most of the crater’s bowl is in the shade during a lunar day; ice may be present at the bottom of the crater.
At the 43rd conference of lunar and planetological studies, held in 2012, Amundsen crater was noted as one of the most promising targets for research in the southern polar region  .
|Amundsen ||Coordinates||Diameter, km|
- The satellite crater Amundsen A was renamed the Hederwary Crater by the International Astronomical Union in 1994.
- List of Craters on the Moon
- Lunar crater
- Morphological catalog of Moon Craters
- Planetary nomenclature
- Mineralogy of the Moon
- Geology of the moon
- Late heavy bombardment
- Lunar Impact Crater Database . Losiak A., Kohout T., O'Sulllivan K., Thaisen K., Weider S. (Lunar and Planetary Institute, Lunar Exploration Intern Program, 2009); updated by Öhman T. in 2011. Archived page .
- Amundsen Crater on LAC-144.
- Handbook of the International Astronomical Union
- John E. Westfall's Atlas of the Lunar Terminator, Cambridge Univ. Press (2000)
- Report at the 43rd Conference of Lunar and Planetological Research