Alfonso Ferrero Lamarmora ( Italian: Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora , November 18, 1804 - January 5, 1878 ) - Sardinian , then Italian statesman and military figure.
|Alfonso Ferrero Lamarmora|
|Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora|
|Birth||November 18, 1804 |
|Death||January 5, 1878 ( 73)|
|Burial place||Basilica da San Sebastiano in Biella|
|Kind||Ferrero della Marmora|
|Father||Celestino Ferrero della Marmora (1754-1805)|
|Mother||Raffaella Argentero di Bersecio (1770-1828)|
|Spouse||Giovanna Teresa Bertie Matteo|
|Education||Royal Academy of Turin|
|Years of service||1823-1866|
|Affiliation||Sardinian Kingdom → Kingdom of Italy|
|Type of army||artillery|
Austro-Italian War :
Suppression of Republican Uprising in Genoa
Austro-Italo-French War :
The fight against banditry in southern Italy
He was the twelfth of 13 children of the Marquis Ferrero della Marmora . In 1816 - 1823 he studied at the Royal Academy in Turin , after which he entered the military service with the rank of artillery lieutenant. He worked diligently to improve equestrian artillery and set up schools for soldiers and non-commissioned officers . Traveling to France , Britain , Prussia and Austria expanded his military knowledge.
In 1848, war broke out with Austria . Lamarmora by this time had the rank of major. Commanding two artillery batteries , distinguished himself in several battles. On August 6, during the popular uprising in Milan, he saved King Carl Albert . He was promoted to major general. In late 1848 - early 1849 he was twice appointed to the post of Minister of War. On February 14, 1849 he was appointed commander of the 6th division. On April 11 of that year, he forced the capitulated Republicans to capitulate to Genoa . In the same year, after the end of the war with Austria, the new king, Victor Emmanuel II, promoted Lamarmor to lieutenant general and appointed him Minister of War for the third time. During the six years of managing the ministry, Lamarmora carried out the reorganization of the army: he radically cleaned the General Staff, introduced a new manning system and order of production, and improved the position of the lower ranks.
In 1855, he was appointed commander of the 17,000th corps sent to the Crimea , where he distinguished himself in the battle on the Black River . Received the rank of army general. In 1856 - 1858 he was again Minister of War.
In 1859, as chief of the General Staff, he took part in the Austro-Italian-French war .
When Cavour resigned in 1859, Lamarmora and Urbano Rattazzi created a government in which Lamarmora succeeded Cavour as Chairman of the Council of Ministers and Minister of War. The office of Lamarmore and Ratazzi lasted only six months, after which he was forced to give way to the cabinet of Cavour.
In 1860 he was appointed commander of the 1st Infantry Corps. In 1861 - 1864 he was the viceroy of the king in Naples , where he was engaged in the reorganization of management and the fight against robbery and the mafia ( Camorra ).
In 1864 - 1866 he was again chairman of the Council of Ministers. Concluded an offensive war against Austria with Prussia. Having lost his place of head of government Bettino Ricasoli , he went with the king to the theater of war. Formally, he was the chief of the General Staff, in fact he was commander in chief. He, not without reason, was considered the culprit of the defeat at Kustots . This forced him to resign.
A big noise, but not to his advantage, made his book Un roso piu di luce ( 1873 ), dedicated to the events of 1866. Four years later he published the book “I segreti di stato nel governo costituzionale” ( 1877 ), devoted to the same issues.
In Turin, he installed an equestrian monument.
- Supreme Order of the Holy Annunciation (1858)
- Commander of the Order of Saints Mauritius and Lazarus
- Cavalier of the Grand Cross of the Savoy Military Order (11.28.1855)
- Gold medal “For military valor” (04/15/1849)
- Silver medal "For military valor" (08/31/1848)
- Medal "For participation in the Crimean War"
- Knight of the Great Cross of the Order of the Baths (Great Britain)
- Crimean medal (Great Britain)
- Cavalier of the Grand Cross of the Order of Carlos III (Spain)
- Order of St. Alexander Nevsky (Russia, 04/06/1857)
- Commander of the Order of St. Joseph ( Grand Duchy of Tuscany )
- Medjid Order of the 1st degree (Turkey)
- Commander of the Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor (France)
- Military Medal (France)
- Italian Campaign Medal (France)
- Vodovozov V.V. Lamarmora, Alfonso Ferrero // Encyclopedic Dictionary of Brockhaus and Efron : 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional). - SPb. , 1890-1907.
- Lamarmora // Military Encyclopedia : [in 18 vol.] / Ed. V.F. Novitsky [et al.]. - SPb. ; [ M. ]: t-va I. D. Sytin , 1911-1915.