Enzootia ( Greek ἐν- - in, on; ζῷον - animal ) - an outbreak of an infectious or invasive animal disease associated with a specific area, vector-borne diseases associated with natural conditions, as well as diseases (e.g. salmonellosis ) caused by unsatisfactory conditions keeping and feeding animals.
In this regard, they distinguish between true enzootia caused by natural conditions (the habitat of animals that are sources of the pathogen, the presence of specific carriers of the pathogen, the possibility of its preservation outside the animal’s body, micronutrient deficiencies in the soil) and statistical statistics related to human activities and animal veterinary services. The first characterizes diseases that are not universally recorded (for example, natural focal diseases), the second - diseases that are ubiquitous.
- This term is included in the following group of terms:
- Enzootia // Eloquence - Yaya. - M .: Soviet Encyclopedia, 1957. - P. 88. - ( Great Soviet Encyclopedia : [in 51 vols.] / Ch. Ed. B. A. Vvedensky ; 1949-1958, vol. 49).