Valery Semenovich Fried (January 13, 1922, Tomsk - September 7, 1998, Moscow ) - Soviet and Russian playwright , screenwriter. Member of the Union of Writers of the USSR (since 1964). Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1976).
|Birth name||Valery Semenovich Frid|
|Date of Birth||January 13, 1922|
|Place of Birth||Tomsk , RSFSR, USSR|
|Date of death||September 7, 1998 (aged 76)|
|Place of death||Moscow , Russia|
|Citizenship|| the USSR |
Childhood and Youth
Valery Frid was born in the family of the professor, director of the Belarusian Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology Semyon Markovich Frid . Mother - Elena Petrovna Vysotskaya. Soon after the birth of Valery, the family moved to Moscow. At school, Valery made friends with Julius Dunsky , who studied in a parallel class. Their names are usually always mentioned together - Fried and Dunsky  . Later Valery Frid and Yuli Dunsky studied together at VGIK (since 1940, Fried studied at the screenwriting faculty), joined the army, were repressed together in one case, returned together, wrote scripts, lived in the same house, in the same entrance, on one floor. This continued until the death of Julius Dunsky on March 23, 1982  .
In 1941, after the outbreak of World War II , the family of Valery Frid was evacuated to Alma-Ata  . After returning to Moscow in 1943, Valery continued his studies at VGIK. In 1944, having passed early exams on a theoretical course, he volunteered for the front.
Arrest and serving time
On April 19, 1944 he was arrested on charges of belonging to an anti-Soviet youth group and for terrorist intentions.
In the same case were students of Moscow universities. In total, 13 young people were arrested - friends who gathered at one of their girlfriends in the room of a communal apartment on Arbat . Among them were Mark Kogan and Julius Dunsky , as well as the daughter of A.S. Bubnov, who was previously repressed and shot. According to one version, it was she who was the main purpose of the arrest of the youth group, and the rest fell for the company. The same young company also included Mikhail Levin , future professor at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology , Nina Ermakova (who had married Vitaly Ginzburg after her release) and others. The group was charged with preparing an assassination attempt on Stalin during his passage along the Arbat to the Kremlin.
After his arrest, Fried was sent to Lubyanskaya , then transferred to Butyrskaya prison . Among the investigators who interrogated were Senior Lieutenant N. N. Makarov, Major Raitses. Valery Frid stayed in solitary confinement, sat in a punishment cell . Next - transferred to a common camera. There was a suicide attempt. After the end of the investigation, the Special Meeting at the NKVD of the USSR sentenced Fried to 10 years in prison and two years of exile ( Article 58 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR , paragraphs 10, 11).
From May 1945 to 1950 (?) - The transit prison on Krasnaya Presnya . Clash with criminals. Sending stage in freight cars . Arrival in Kargopolag ( Kodino station of the Arkhangelsk region ). Work on the construction of a new camp. Date with father. Acquaintance with P.I. Yakir . Escape of the Norwegian prisoners. Refusal to cooperate with the NKVD . Transfer to the 15th camp Yertsevo. Vologda transit prison .
1950 (?) - Inta . Minlag . Acquaintance and friendship with A. Ya. Kapler . Meeting in the camp with Yu. Dunsky. Concerts of amateur art camps, movies [ what? ] .
1953 - The death of I.V. Stalin. Changes in camp mode. Acquaintance with V. I. Stalin .
January 8, 1954 was released from the camp at the end of his term. Since 1954 he was sent to eternal settlement in Intu ( Komi Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic ). Worked as a duty on a water pump, accountant OTS; had a date with my mother.
May 28, 1956 he was rehabilitated and in 1957 he returned to Moscow; defended his diploma at VGIK .
From 1957 until the death of Yu. T. Dunsky in 1982, he worked with him on scripts.
In 1987, together with the playwrights V. Chernykh and E. Volodarsky, he created the Slovo studio at the Mosfilm film studio, where he began working as an editor.
V. Fried and Yu. Dunsky are buried nearby in the Moscow Donskoy cemetery  .
In 1998, the Dlovsky and Frid scholarships were established for the most talented students of the scenario faculty of VGIK by the Slovo Studio.
- "The coeval of the century": Screenplay. - M. , 1961 ( Movie Drama Library ). Co-authored by Yu. T. Dunsky
- Seven Nannies : Film Comedy. - M. , 1962 ( Film Drama Library ). In collaboration with Yu. T. Dunsky
- “Once upon a time there was an old man with an old woman”: Screenplay. - M. , 1964 ( Movie Drama Library ). In collaboration with Yu. T. Dunsky
- "Two comrades served." - M. , 1969 ( Film Drama Library ). In collaboration with Yu. T. Dunsky
- "Selected Scenarios." - M. , 1975. In collaboration with Yu. T. Dunsky
- Alias: “Cunning.” - M. , 1978. In collaboration with Yu. T. Dunsky
- “Crew”: Screenplay. - M. , 1981 ( Movie Drama Library ). In collaboration with Yu. T. Dunsky, A. Mitta , B. Urinovsky
- Valery Frid "58 and a half, or Notes of a camp moron" - Memoirs of V. S. Frid about camp years
- 1957 - Case at Mine Eight
- 1962 - Seven Nannies
- 1962 - Sixteenth Spring
- 1964 - Once upon a time there lived an old man with an old woman
- 1964 - An Invented Story
- 1965 - Today - a new attraction
- 1968 - Old, old tale
- 1968 - Just One Life
- 1968 - Two comrades served
- 1969 - Burn, burn, my star
- 1970 - Red Square
- 1971 - Shadow
- 1973 - 1974 - High rank
- 1975 - Horseman with a zipper in his hand
- 1976 - The Tale of King Peter the Arapa Marrying
- 1978 - Widows
- 1976 - Alias: Lukac
- 1977 - Talent (TV movie)
- 1978 - Man changes skin
- 1979 - Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson
- 1979 - Crew
- 1980 - Gadfly
- 1981 - Do not be afraid, I'm with you!
- 1982 - The Tale of Wanderings
- 1983 - One in ten
- 1983 - The Adventures of Little Flour
- 1984 - And then Bumbo came ...
- 1987 - The Tale of the Painter in Love
- 1990 - Death in the cinema
- 1990 - Lost in Siberia
- 1992 - 1994 - Goryachev and others
- 2000 - Sherlock Holmes Memories
- 2005 - Time to collect stones
- The 1995 Nick Prize, received by Freed in the Honor and Dignity nomination, is equally shared by his friend who has not survived to this day.
- He was awarded the Order of Honor, medals. Laureate of the All-Union Competition of Screenwriters dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the birth of V.I. Lenin (1970). Winner of the Gold Medal. A. Dovzhenko (1974). Honored Artist of the RSFSR ( 1976 ). Winner of the Nika Prize in the nomination Honor and Dignity ( 1995 ).
- Father - Semyon Markovich Fried (1891-1946) - Soviet microbiologist, professor.
- Cousin - Joseph Bentsianovich Fridlyand (1907-1981) - Soviet biochemist, doctor of biological sciences, professor. [five]
- Grandfather - Rabbi Mordechai Fried, died in the Minsk ghetto . 
- More precisely: Dunsky and Fried. As V.S. Fried wrote in his memoirs: “It has been like this all my life: in our spark, the Dunsky leader, the Frid led”
- FRID, VALERY SEMENOVICH | Encyclopedia Krugosvet . www.krugosvet.ru. Date of treatment March 20, 2019.
- Frid Valery Semenovich ::: Memoirs of the Gulag :: Database :: Authors and texts . www.sakharov-center.ru. Date of treatment March 20, 2019.
- Graves of Celebrities
- An article about Joseph Bentsianovich Fridland on the official website of the Museum of the House on the Embankment
- Methodological recommendations on the organization and implementation of the project “Pages of Fate - the search for personal testimonies of soldiers of the liberators of the Nazi death camps and ghettos” ( Scientific and Educational Center “Holocaust” )
- Fried V. S. "58 1/2: Notes of the camp moron." - M .: Publishing House. Rusanov's house, 1996. - 480 p.
- Fried, Valery Semenovich on the Internet Movie Database
- FRID, VALERY SEMENOVICH | Encyclopaedia Round the World
- Igor Maslennikov. Let's play English
- Frid Valery Semenovich ::: Memoirs of the Gulag :: Database :: Authors and texts. www.sakharov-center.ru