Myshanka - training center for strategic missile forces , Belarus , Gomel region , Petrikovsky district .
In June 1946, in Kotovsk, Odessa Region, on the basis of the disbanded 4th Guards Assault Aviation Division of the 5th Assault Aviation Corps, the 8th school of junior aviation specialists was formed. The basis of the school was made by graduate officers of the Volsk military school of aviation mechanics of the Air Force. Colonel Marchenko Petr Gavrilovich was appointed the first commander of the unit.
Already in July 1946, the first replenishment of the disbanded military units of the airfield support was adopted and the training of junior aviation specialists began on September 1 .
On July 1, 1948, the Battle Banner of the unit was handed over and the directive of the Air Force Main Staff established the annual holiday of the unit - August 18.
On July 25, 1951, the 8th school of junior aviation specialists was reorganized into the 8th military school of aviation mechanics of the Air Force, and on February 25, 1954, it was reorganized into a school for training aviation mechanics-electricians.
In March 1960, the school was transferred to the Strategic Missile Forces and in October of the same year, officers and sergeants for the starting technical teams of the R-12 missile systems were first released. During these years, the school was commanded by Colonels Roman Balabanov, Maximovich (December 1948 - November 1951), Pavel Petrovich Markelov (November 1951 - December 1955), Ivan Osetrov (December 1955 - March 1958).
In December 1960 - January 1961, the 8th Military Aviation School of Mechanics was redeployed to the Trans-Baikal Military District at st. Dauria Borzinsky district of the Chita region and reorganized into the training center of the Missile Forces (military unit 78424). The Battle Banner was presented on April 4, 1962 .
The establishment of the training center in a new place was not easy, the formation took place in difficult conditions: the climate was difficult, compared with the south of Ukraine. There was no literature, simulators and, especially, samples of new weapons. Significant difficulties in organizing the training of personnel were also associated with the fact that most of the officers were not even remotely familiar with rocketry. Nevertheless, the personnel had the highest upsurge in the study and development of new weapons, the methods of their combat use. In the shortest possible time in difficult climatic conditions, the incredible efforts of the entire staff of the officers and personnel of the training center created a training base for training specialists in rocketry and the necessary living conditions. In a matter of months, a cozy comfortable military town grew in the Transbaikal steppes. At this time, the training center was commanded by Major General Pavlenko Ivan Sergeevich (March 1958 - July 1962).
Despite the complexity of the formation period of the unit and the complete lack of training facilities, realizing the need for high-quality training of highly qualified specialists, officers found time to improve the training base and rationalize work. Recalls the deputy head of the training department, Lt. Col. Bogoslavets Ya. L.: “The lack of weapons and operational literature constantly pushed us to develop various simulators in order to qualitatively educate cadets. One of these simulators was made of almost the simplest materials, but it reflected the complexity of the weapon model and was effectively used in the educational process. The training methods on it were demonstrated to senior managers who were interested in the simulator. The delivery of the simulator to the city of Moscow was entrusted to me, and since it was bulky, I had to disassemble it into its component parts. During transportation, individual blocks could not be saved from breakdowns and had to be restored already in Moscow. Subsequently, this simulator was recommended for training in all schools of the corresponding profile. ”
In 1962, the training center was visited by First Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Strategic Missile Forces, Colonel General V.F. Tolubko , in 1963 - by the Deputy Ministers of Defense of the USSR Marshals of the Soviet Union V.I. Chuikov and K. Moskalenko , in 1964 - by the Commander-in-Chief of the Strategic Missile Forces, Marshal of the Soviet Union Krylov N.I.
The new generation of weapons entering the troops required a revision of the training system for junior military specialists. In December 1964, the training center was redeployed to the Belarusian Military District (Myshanka station, Petrikovsky district of the Gomel region ), removed from central command and transferred to the Smolensk Missile Army. It was here that the educational and material base corresponding to the latest weapons was created. Advanced teaching methods using technical training tools were introduced into the educational process.
During this period, the training center was commanded by: Major General Afanasyev Mikhail Ivanovich (July 1962 - June 1969), Prikhodko Pyotr Mikhailovich (June 1969 - June 1975), Rybalko Petr Petrovich (June 1975 - March 1981), Voronich Gleb Borisovich (March 1981 - October 1984), Colonels Fomin Valery Mikhailovich (October 1984 - June 1988), Dolgopoliy Vasily Nikolaevich (June 1988 - July 1990), Malein Yuri Borisovich (July 1990 - October 1993). )
Due to the collapse of the USSR in 1993, the training center was redeployed to the city of Kapustin Yar, Astrakhan Region, and transferred to a new state (military unit 04153). The training of energy specialists was transferred to the Plesetsk UTs. Colonel Maksimov Nikolai Viktorovich (October 1993 - June 1997) was appointed head of the center.
During this period, the deputy head of the training range Colonel B. N. Gordienko and the head of the training center, Colonel Maximov N. V. Kostyak, the re-relocated teaching staff made a great contribution to the formation of the unit, the creation of the educational and material base, and living conditions for the personnel. officers and warrant officers who arrived to serve in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation from the territory of Belarus and Ukraine became the training center. In a short period, the training center has trained more than 7,000 specialists.
Gureev Vladimir Training centers of the Strategic Missile Forces. - M .: Education, 2002.P. 50. ISBN 5-09-002630-0