Samoila Ryabov (1813 - not earlier than 1880) - Russian soldier, participant in the Caucasian war .
He came from the specific peasants of the village of Simikina of the Morshansky district of the Tambov province. He enlisted in recruiting service in 1833 and was enlisted in the Absheron Infantry Regiment .
In the summer of 1835, he was sent with his regiment under the command of General Kluki-von-Klugenau to the Sulak River for the crossing and survived a heavy battle with the highlanders. Having established the Evgenievskoe fortification at the crossing, the Absheron regiment returned to its permanent apartments in Temir-Khan-Shur . At the end of 1836, Ryabov with a regiment, being in the detachment of General Fezi, made an expedition to Chechnya , where he spent the whole winter pacifying the rebellious auls. In the spring of 1837 the Absheron Regiment was sent to Avaria , in the village of Khunzakh , where Ryabov served in the garrison service until 1839.
In the campaign of 1839, three battalions of the Absheron regiment were sent to the detachment of General P.H. Grabbe and were under siege of Akhulgo . During the assault on Akhulgo , the 11th and 12th companies of the Absheron Regiment suffered the greatest losses; but Ryabov himself, being in the 11th company, was not even wounded. For the difference in the assault, Akhulgo Ryabov was awarded the distinction of the military order of St. George No. 74554. At the end of this campaign, Ryabov was promoted to non-commissioned officer from 1840 to 1843. in the training team of his regiment. Returning in August 1843 to his 11th company of the 4th battalion, Ryabov was sent to the village of Tsatanykh, where his company (170 people), fifty cavalry and 2 guns under the general command of Captain Dementiev made up a garrison of fortifications.
On September 3, 1843, the fortification was surrounded by thousands of mountaineers led by Shamil . September 5, after a two-day hot battle, the strengthening of the Tsatanykh was taken by storm. The surviving defenders numbering about 25 people (among them was the wounded Ryabov) were captured. After spending two months in captivity, in early November, Ryabov fled; after several days wandering around the mountains without food, went to a Russian military post and was sent to Temir Khan-Shura. After the inquiry, it turned out that Ryabov was the only surviving defender of Tsatanykh. Enrolled in the best grenadier company in the regiment, Ryabov a year later, due to his inability to serve in the ranks due to untreated wounds, was transferred to mobile disabled team No. 97; in 1849 he was appointed to the Stavropol Commissariat Commission and from there in 1857 he was dismissed as a senior guard on indefinite leave.
In 1880, the court adviser A.V. Derzhavin recorded in Stavropol the story of Samoila Ryabov about his military service in the Caucasus and the fall of the Tsatanykh fortifications. This story was published in the 18th volume of the " Caucasian Collection " for 1897. Ryabov's story is one of the very few sources on the history of the war in the Caucasus that belong to the lower ranks of the Caucasian army.
- The story of non-commissioned officer of the Absheron regiment Samoila Ryabov about his service in the Caucasus // Caucasian Collection , vol. 18, 1897.