Robert II the Noble ( Fr. Robert II d'Artois ; August 1250 - July 11, 1302 , Curtre ) - Count of Artois (from birth, inherited his father who had died earlier) and Senior Conch (after his first wife), son of Count Artois Robert I Good , and Matilda Brabant . Approximate French kings Louis IX of Saint IX , Philip III the Bold and Philip IV the Beautiful , commanded the French army during the wars with Flanders ( 1297 - 1302 ).
|Robert II d'Artois|
Robert was born during the Seventh Crusade in the Egyptian El Mansour a few days after the death of his father Robert I the Good . In 1270, he took part in a crusade in Tunisia and was particularly cruel to Muslims, seeking to avenge the death of his father.
His sister Blanca d'Artois married Enrique I of Navarre , who died in 1274 , leaving his three-year-old daughter, the future John I of Navarre . To avoid a power struggle and regency, Blanca took refuge in France. Then King Philip III entrusted his cousin Robert d'Artois with the task of restoring peace in the neighboring kingdom. Robert besieged and captured Pamplona, restoring the authority of the queen.
After Sicilian Vespers ( 1282 ), Robert d'Artois traveled to Italy to help his uncle Charles I of Anjou . At the death of Charles I, he was appointed regent of the Kingdom of Naples, since King Charles II was still held captive by Pedro III, King of Aragon . Robert held this position until the liberation of Charles, who entered into an agreement with the king of Aragon ( 1289 ). Then Robert remained in Naples until 1291 , when he probably returned to France.
King Philip IV sent Robert in 1296 to the war against the British, first to Guyenne , then to Flanders. Robert defeated the Flemings on August 13, 1297 at the Battle of Fern, but his son Philip was seriously injured and died the following year. Robert himself fell on July 11, 1302 at the Battle of Curtre .
After his death, the county of Artois became the subject of a lengthy lawsuit between his daughter Matilda d'Artois and grandson Robert III . Matilda prevailed in the dispute, becoming Countess d'Artois and the first woman to peer France (1309).
He was married three times:
- in 1262 on Amicia de Courtenay ( 1250 - 1275 ), the lady of Conch, from whom he had three children:
- Matilda d'Artois (c. 1268 - 1329 ), Countess d'Artois,
- Philippe d'Artois ( 1269 - 1298 ), Senior Conché,
- Robert, born in 1271 , died in childhood.
- in 1277 at Agness Bourbon ( 1237 - 1288 ), daughter of Archambo IX de Bourbon ;
- in 1298 on Margarita d'Aven (d. in 1342 ), daughter of John II the Good , Count of Holland.
- Artois, Normandie (Fr.) . racineshistoire.free.fr. Date of treatment November 12, 2014.