The Scientific Library of Moscow State University named after MV Lomonosov is a universal library at Moscow State University in Moscow . The Moscow University Library is the oldest public library in Russia, founded in 1755 . Funds include more than 10 million copies. He is the recipient of a compulsory copy of publications published in Russia. The fund contains more than 50 personal libraries of prominent figures in Russian science and culture and university professors. The structure of the library includes the Fundamental Library of Moscow State University and the departments of service at faculties.
|MSU Science Library|
The building of the Scientific Library of Moscow State University on the Sparrow Hills
Lomonosov Avenue , 27
|Founded by||1755 year|
|The composition of the fund||books, periodicals, dissertations and their abstracts, defended at Moscow State University|
|Fund volume||10 million units  (2009)|
|Access and Use|
|Number of readers||65 thousand|
|Director||Vyacheslav Viktorovich Mosyagin|
The library was founded simultaneously with the university in 1755. Since 1759 he receives a copy of all the books that were available at the Moscow Printing House.
The library and all the academic rooms and laboratories of the university were located in the house at the Resurrection Gate. Initially, the library did not have its own premises, sometimes lectures were given in its walls, it also served as a museum of rarities, “all kinds of precious offerings and acquisitions,” donated to Moscow University , and it also housed the instruments and equipment of the physical room. In 1770, the library had its own premises.
From the moment of its foundation to the opening of the library at the Rumyantsev Museum (1861), the University of Moscow library was the only public library in Moscow, open to all who "love reading."
Initially, the library staff consisted of a librarian, i.e., a director (usually appointed from among ordinary university professors ),sublibrary (from among masters ) and bush (from among students). The poet M. M. Khersakov is considered the first “librarian librarian”, who was instructed by the university curator I. I. Shuvalov to “look after” the library and manage the university’s printing house.
The fire of 1812 destroyed almost the entire library (over 20 thousand volumes), which was hidden in the basement of the main building of the university, and the training library was completely lost. Only a small part of the books survived - 51 copies of the rarest books and 12 ancient manuscripts sent at the end of August 1812 as part of a university convoy to Nizhny Novgorod. After the end of World War II, the University Council decided to appeal to the public with an invitation to “make feasible donations of books, or in another way, for the speedy restoration of” the university library, about which the appeal “To all lovers of national education” was published in the newspaper Moskovskiye Vedomosti (12.7 .1813)  .
In 1813, the restoration of the library begins. From 1822 to 1832, the director of the library was F.F. Reiss . Under him, alphabetical and systematic catalogs were created; the library still partially uses the library classification scheme developed by Reuss. In 1901, a separate building of the Fundamental Library on Mokhovaya Street was opened.
In 2005, the new Fundamental Library of Moscow State University was opened in the building on 27 Lomonosovsky Prospekt (Intellectual Center - Fundamental Library of Moscow State University).
April 22, 2013 in the building of the Fundamental Library of Moscow State University. MV Lomonosov hosted the ceremony of donating to Moscow State University from the Expocentre Fairgrounds a collection of paintings by V. L. Malkevich , which has since been exhibited in the same building.
- List of the largest libraries in Russia
- Foundations . Scientific Library of Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov . Date of treatment November 14, 2017.
- Zaitseva E. A. LIBRARY of Moscow University // Imperial Moscow University: 1755-1917: Encyclopedic Dictionary. - M .: Russian Political Encyclopedia (ROSSPEN), 2010. - P. 67-74 . - ISBN 978-5-8243-1429-8 .
- Documents and materials on the history of Moscow University in the 2nd half of the 18th century M., 1960-1963. T. 1-3
- From the collection of rare books and manuscripts of the Scientific Library of Moscow University: Sat. Art. M., 1993
- Kashutina E.S. , Saprykina N. G. Bookplate in the collection of the Scientific Library of Moscow University: catalog album. M., 1985
- Lesokhina E.I. , Kharkov A.M. History of the Moscow University Library (1917–1949). M., 1981
- Scientific Library of Moscow State University / Mosyagin VV // Nanoscience - Nikolai Kavasila [Electronic resource]. - 2013 .-- S. 156-157. - (The Big Russian Encyclopedia : [in 35 vols.] / Ch. Ed. Yu. S. Osipov ; 2004—2017, vol. 22). - ISBN 978-5-85270-358-3 .
- Penchko N.A. Moscow University Library from its foundation until 1812. M., 1969
- Rare books and manuscripts of the Moscow University library: a short guide to the funds of the Department of rare books and manuscripts. M., 2005
- Manuscripts. Rare editions. Archives: from the collections of the library of Moscow University. M., 1997
- Manuscripts. Rare editions. Archives: from the funds of the Department of rare books and manuscripts: to the 60th anniversary of the Department. M., 2008.
- Smilyanskaya Ye. B. The oldest Slavic-Russian manuscripts of the Moscow University library: (catalog of manuscripts of the XIII - the turn of the XV – XVI centuries). M., 1995
- Sorokin V.V. History of the Moscow University Library (1800–1917). M., 1980
- Universitetskaya Pushkianiana: Intravital publications and publications by A. S. Pushkin: catalog. M., 1999
- Funds of rare and valuable publications (book monuments) in the libraries of the RSFSR: decree. M., 1990
- The official website of the NBU
- Interactive panorama of the building of the Fundamental Library of Moscow State University
- Revzin G. Dear chair. How MSU stole a library . Russian life (24.1.2013). Date of treatment February 8, 2013. Archived February 11, 2013.