Tiwi Islands is a group of islands off the coast of Northern Australia 80 km north of the city of Darwin at the confluence of the Arafura and Timor Seas .
|English Tiwi islands|
|Number of islands||eleven|
|total area||8320 km²|
|Population||2579 people (2011)|
|Population density||0.31 people / km²|
|Water area||Arafura Sea|
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Local government
- 4 population
- 5 Culture
- 6 Gallery
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 notes
The Tiwi Islands consist of two islands: Melville , Bathurst and 9 uninhabited small islands (Buchanan, Harris, Seagull, Karslake, Irritutu, Clift, Turiturina, Matingalia and Nodlaw), with a total area of 8320 km². Melville is Australia's second largest island.
The coast of the islands is mostly rocky and steep. The wet season lasts from October to March, the drought season - from April to August.
The surface of both islands of the group is covered with dense vegetation (mainly eucalyptus forests). In some places, there are mangroves . The fauna is represented by animals that are widespread throughout Australia: wallaby , posum , bandicoots , snakes and lizards .
The islands were discovered by the Dutch traveler Abel Tasman in 1644 . In April 1705, a group of Dutchmen landed on Tiwi. In 1824, a British military settlement was founded on the island of Melville, which existed until 1829 .
In June 1911, the first Catholic missionaries landed on Bathurst Island, settling in the city of Nguiu.
During the Second World War , February 19, 1942 , the Tiwi Islands were attacked by Japanese aircraft.
In 1912, the Tiwi Islands were declared a reserve of Australian Aborigines. In 1980, the management of the group was transferred to the Tivi Aboriginal Land Council. On July 12, 2001, the Tiwi Islands Self-Government Area was formed.
The islands are inhabited by the Australian natives of Tiwi, who settled on the Tiwi islands long before the Europeans appeared on them. In 1996, the total population of the group was 2033 people, of which 93.8% were Australian Aborigines. In 2011, the population of the islands increased to 2579 people  . The main language of communication on the islands is Tiwi , then English .
The largest settlements are Nguiu (Bathurst Island), Pirlangimpi and Milikapiti (Melville Island).
The Tiwi Islands are known for their traditional culture, represented by numerous dances, songs and ceremonies.
Australian football is very popular on the islands (Tiwi has its own League).
Ceremonial funeral posts on the islands
Carved Island Figures
Australian Football Game on the Tiwi Islands
- List of Australia Islands