Wilma Neruda-Norman ( German Wilma Neruda-Norman , née Wilhelmina Maria Franziska Neruda , German Wilhelmina Maria Franziska Neruda , in her second marriage, most often just Lady Halle , Eng. Lady Hallé ; March 21, 1839  , Brno - April 15 1911 , Berlin ) - violinist of Czech origin. Daughter of the city organist Joseph Neruda , sister of Alois and Franz Xaver Neruda.
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A student of her father, then studied in Vienna with Leopold Jansa . From the age of seven, she gave concerts, often accompanied by her older sister Amalia , a pianist, or as part of a family quartet (the second violin is sister Maria, the cello is brother Victor, and then brother Franz, viola is father, Josef Neruda). In 1849 she toured in the Russian Empire .
In 1864 she married Ludwig Norman , composer and conductor of the Stockholm Opera, and for some time alternated touring activities with teaching at the Royal Swedish Academy of Music .
Widowed in 1885, three years later she married the pianist and conductor Sir Charles Halle . Together with her second husband, she gave concerts all over the world, including Australia ( 1890 ) and South Africa ( 1895 ), where one of the performances of the Halle spouses in Pietermaritzburg in a combined concert with Beethoven’s Kreutzer sonata was so successful that the organizers announced the cancellation of the remaining program [ 3] . In 1898 , after the death of Halle, Lady Halle made her only tour in the United States, and then settled in Berlin, where in 1900 - 1902 . taught at the Stern Conservatory .
Among the works dedicated to Neruda is the violin concerto Op. 56 and third violin sonata Op. 59 Nilsa Gade , second notebook of Spanish Dances by Pablo Sarasate , Concert for violin and orchestra No. 6 Op. 47 Henry Vyotana .
In the literature
Norman Neruda is mentioned in Arthur Conan-Doyle’s short story “A Study in Scarlet ”: Sherlock Holmes is about to catch her concert after an investigation. He says:
And now we will have lunch and go to listen to Norman Neruda. She perfectly controls the bow, and her tone is surprisingly clean. What is the motive of this Chopin's little thing, which she plays so charmingly? Tra-la-la, lyra-la! .. (Translated from English by N. Treneva )