August Yulianovich Feldman ( est. August Feldman ) (March 15, 1899, Pernov , Livonia Province - August 5, 1970 , Tallinn , ESSR ) - Estonian Soviet military commander, colonel, in 1944-1945. commanded the 249th Estonian Rifle Division , from 1951 to 1954 - Military Commissar of the Estonian SSR
|August Yulianovich Feldman|
|Date of Birth||March 15, 1899|
|Place of Birth||Pernov , Lifland Province|
|Date of death||August 5, 1970 (71 years)|
|Place of death||Tallinn , Estonian SSR|
|Years of service||1918 - 1938 , 1940 - 1954|
|Commanded||249th Estonian Rifle Division , Deputy Commander of the Estoski Rifle Corps , Military Commissariat of the Estonian SSR|
|Battles / Wars||Russian Civil War , |
The Great Patriotic War
|Awards and prizes|
August Feldman was born on March 15, 1899 in the town of Pernov, Livonia Province, in the family of a factory worker.
At the age of fifteen, he entered the factory as a mechanic in a factory where his father worked. But soon the work had to be left - the February revolution began.
From October 1917, he was in the ranks of the people's militia, and in August 1918 he volunteered for the Tallinn Communist Rifle Regiment, in which he participated in military operations in the Urals . His regiment closely interacted with units of the 30th Infantry Division, which was commanded by V. K. Blucher .
As part of the Estonian rifle division, he took part in the battles of Narva , against the Poles in the Dvinsk region, the capture of Kursk , Belgorod , Mariupol , and against the units of N. Makhno in Ukraine . In 1920-1921, he participated in the capture of the Crimea and the liquidation of the gangs of Zabolotny and Levchenko in Ukraine .
In 1922, Feldman entered the Petrograd International Military School , in the Estonian group he was a leader in studies. After graduating from school in 1925 , he went from being a platoon commander to a regimental chief of staff.
Great Patriotic War
At the beginning of the war, he was at the post of chief of staff of the 400th rifle regiment , with whom he had been chosen for nearly a month towards Vyazma . Later, Major Feldman was appointed chief of the operations department of the headquarters of the 89th rifle division, with which he participated in retreat battles on the Western Front .
At the end of 1941, he was recalled to the Urals Military District to form the 7th Estonian Rifle Division. Immediately he was appointed chief of staff of the division. On 25 September 1942 , when the two divisions were consolidated into the 8th Estonian Rifle Corps , Feldman was appointed Deputy Commander of the 249th Estonian Rifle Division. In this capacity, he participated in heavy battles under the Great Bows .
During the period of the liberation of Estonia in 1944 , when the divisional division commander Lomback was wounded, he took command of the 249th Estonian Rifle Division. Colonel Feldman spent his division from crossing the Emajõgi River to liberating the Sõrve Peninsula.
The Feldman division was particularly distinguished in September 1944 in the Porkuni area. Pursuing the departing Germans, going bypass roads, the 249th Division overtook the enemy in the Porkuni area, where she pressed the German grouping to the lake . The fighting lasted more than 2 hours. Having suffered casualties (over 400 people), about 1,000 enemy soldiers and officers surrendered.
Also, Colonel Feldman distinguished himself on September 23, 1944, participating in the vanguard of the division in the liberation of Haapsalu . By the end of the day, the detachment escaped to Rohuküla. The division forced the Suur-Väin Strait and then seized the island of Muhu (the water barrier was over six kilometers).
By decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the 249th Division was awarded the Order of the Red Banner for the breakthrough of the German defense in the Tartu region. Later became order-bearing and some of its units: the Order of the Red Banner was awarded to the 921st Infantry Regiment, the Order of Kutuzov of the 3rd degree - 779th Artillery Regiment, the Order of Alexander Nevsky - the 307th separate anti-tank division, the Order of the Red Star - 917th and 925th infantry regiments.
During the war, Feldman was mentioned twice in thanksgiving in the orders of the Supreme Commander 
After the war
After the end of the war, he was appointed deputy commander of the Estonian Rifle Corps , then for several years he was head of the military department of Tartu State University .
In 1951 he was appointed military commissar of the Estonian SSR ; he held this position for more than two years. In 1954 he retired.
He died in Tallinn in 1970 .
- Order of Lenin (1945  )
- four orders of the Red Banner (06/20/1943, 09/21/1944 11/03/1944  , 1950  )
- Order of Suvorov, 2nd class (06/29/1945)
- Order of Alexander Nevsky (06.06.1945)
- Orders of the Supreme Commander in the period of the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet Union. Collection. M., Military Publishing, 1975.
- Awarded in accordance with the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of 04.06.1944 “On awarding orders and medals for long service in the Red Army”