Dmitry Dmitrievich Shepelev ( 1771  - 1841 ) - lieutenant general of the Russian imperial army from the noble family of the Shepelevs .
|Dmitry Dmitrievich Shepelev|
Portrait of Dmitry Dmitrievich Shepelev workshop  George Dow . Military Gallery of the Winter Palace , State Hermitage Museum ( St. Petersburg )
|Life period||on the gravestone - 1766 - May 9, 1841|
|Date of Birth|
|Date of death|
|Type of army||Cavalry|
|Years of service||1792 - 1830 (intermittently)|
|Battles / wars|
|Awards and prizes|
- 1 Biography
- 2 family
- 3 notes
- 4 Literature
Already in 1782 he was enlisted in the Life Guards Preobrazhensky Regiment with the rank of sergeant . In 1792 he was promoted to ensign , in 1793 he began serving in the Mariupol light-regiment with the rank of second major . In 1794 he participated in the suppression of the Kosciuszko uprising . November 26, 1795 received the Order of St. George 4th grade
|For the excellent courage shown on May 28, 794 in Poland at Helm, where he recaptured 3 guns from the enemy.|
He received shell shock in his right hand with a fragment of a bomb and was shot in the shoulder with grapeshot during an assault on Prague when he commanded a battalion of the Nizov Infantry Regiment . In 1796 , during the Persian campaign, he led the squadron. In 1799 he participated in a campaign of Russian troops in Switzerland. July 8, 1799 was promoted to colonel .
On October 29, 1800 , he took up the post of chief of the Vladimir Dragoon Regiment ; on January 22, 1801 , he transferred to the Georgian Hussar Regiment, which he headed on February 20 of that year. April 13, 1801 became the adjutant wing and again received the same title on April 23, 1802 , which was associated with the refraction of the regiment led by him. In 1805, when the campaign against the French began, he took up the position of major brigades in the corps of General Buxgewden . He fought at Austerlitz . In 1806 he participated in the formation of the Grodno Hussar Regiment , having been appointed his chief on June 23 of the same year.
In 1807 he participated in the battle with the French army at Gutstadt. On August 22, 1807 for the pursuit of the enemy across the Passargu River he received the Order of St. George of the 3rd class No. 170
|In retaliation for the excellent courage and courage shown in the battle on May 24 against the French troops, in which, with the enemy’s retreat, he struck a part of the enemy air guard with the Grodno Hussars regiment and made a great defeat.|
Later participated in the battles of Heilsberg and Friedland . May 24, 1807 received the title of Major General . He participated in the Russian-Swedish war . In 1810 he was dismissed, but on July 5, 1812 he returned to service.
During the withdrawal of Russian troops from Borodin to Tarutin, he led the Guards Cavalry Brigade (the Life Guards Horse and Cavalier Guard regiments), participated in battles near Maloyaroslavets and Krasny .
In December 1812 , he was appointed commander of the vanguard in the army of General Peter Wittgenstein . On January 1, 1813 , he was awarded the rank of lieutenant for participating in the capture of Koenigsberg. Subsequently, he continued to pursue the enemy until the Vistula, participated in a number of battles. In 1813 he participated in the overseas campaign of the Russian army, including in the siege of Hamburg , subsequently engaged in the reorganization of troops in Schleswig-Holstein. In 1815 he was appointed commander of the 2nd Hussar Division. On April 2, 1816 , he retired from military service for health reasons with the right to wear a uniform. June 25, 1826 was again enlisted in the service in the cavalry, but on January 20, 1830 he again resigned.
D. D. Shepelev was married (from 1807 ) to Daria Ivanovna Batasheva ( 1793 - 1818 ), the heiress of the famous merchants and millionaires of the Batashevs . The dowry that Ivan Rodionovich Batashev gave to his beloved granddaughter was second to none in Russia. It included a large palace on Yauzskaya street (1796-1804)  , subsequently adapted to accommodate the Yauza hospital . In 1812, it was this house that was chosen by Joachim Murat for its headquarters. After the French left Moscow, the palace house on Shivaya Gorka was finished again with the appropriate luxury - more than 300 thousand rubles were spent. At the time of the coronation of Nicholas I, the palace was hired for 65 thousand rubles for the Duke of Devonshire, the English ambassador.
Dmitry Dmitrievich was not distinguished for his vigilance, but, on the contrary, great hospitality and originality, he arranged luxurious receptions, gave the so-called "small dinners" that all of Moscow spoke of. No wonder the dowry was quickly squandered. After the death of Ivan Rodionovich, the Shepelevs transferred both the Batashev estate in Vyksa and the Vyksa metallurgical plants . Under D. D. Shepelev, steam engines were installed in factories.
- Elizaveta (1812-1839) - the wife (from 05.25.1833) of General Ivan Pavlovich Kutaisov (1803-1871), the son of P.I. Kutaisov and Praskovya Petrovna Lopukhina, the grandson of Ivan Pavlovich Kutaysov .
- Neonila (10.27.1836 - 10.10.1855)
- Anna (02.02.1813 - 1861) is the wife (since 1834) of Prince Lev Grigoryevich Golitsyn (04/04/804 - 02/01/1871), lieutenant, writer, composer, and son of S. S. Golitsyn .
- Leo (01/30/1841 - May 1918)
- Catherine (1845), died in infancy.
- Elena (10/11/1845-1920)
- Ivan (02/18/1814 - 10/21/1865), died single. After the death of his father, he continued the modernization of the Vyksa Steel Works: under him, a progressive method of smelting metal was introduced - pudding, instead of the obsolete - critical. However, in 1862, the plants were declared bankrupt.
- Nikolai (07/26/1818 - 06/21/1872), died single.
The whole family, with husbands, is buried in the family crypt in the Christ-Christmas Church of the city of Vyksa  In the niche of the monument to Countess Elizabeth Dmitrievna Kutaisova there are three images of Scotti's work    .
The Shepelevs and Kutaisovs family also supported artists. Thanks to them, the talents of the artist M.I. Scotti , architect A.M. Gornostaev , the mother of actress Pelageya Strepetova blossomed .
- State Hermitage Museum. Western European painting. Catalog / Ed. V. F. Levinson-Lessing; ed. A. E. Krol , K. M. Semenova. - 2nd edition, revised and supplemented. - L .: Art, 1981. - T. 2. - P. 261, cat. No. 7848. - 360 p.
- 1766 is indicated on the tombstone.
- Information and reference resources of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation (Inaccessible link) . Date of treatment July 23, 2009. Archived December 5, 2014.
- Source: Arsentiev N.M., Dubodel A.M. They are obliged to serve the Fatherland ... - St. Petersburg .: Nauka, 2000
- Vyksa life (inaccessible link)
- Russian Biographical Dictionary
- A.N. Batashev . - BATASH. - M .: Magisterium, 2001. ISBN 5-85374-008-3 , BBK 84 (2Ros = Rus)
- Arsentyev N.M., Dubodel A.M. They are obliged to serve the Fatherland ... - St. Petersburg: Nauka, 2000. ( ISBN 5-7131-0053-7 )