Alexander Mikhailovich Mayorov ( September 13, 1920 , p. Pokurley , Saratov province - January 14, 2008 , Moscow ) - Soviet military leader, army general ( 1977 ), participant in the war in Afghanistan (from 1980 to 1981 - chief military adviser to the armed forces of the DRA .) In 1968 , as the commander of the 38th Army, he participated in the deployment of the Warsaw Treaty Organization to Czechoslovakia .
|Alexander Mikhailovich Mayorov|
|Date of Birth||September 13, 1920|
|Place of Birth||with. Pokurley , Khvalynsky uyezd , Saratov province , RSFSR|
|Date of death||January 14, 2008 (87 years old)|
|Place of death||Moscow , Russian Federation|
|Type of army||Ground forces of the USSR|
|Years of service||1940 - 1992|
|Commanded||Baltic Military District , |
Deputy Commander of the Ground Forces of the USSR,
Chief Military Advisor to the Commander of the DRA Armed Forces
|Battles / wars||The Great Patriotic War |
|Awards and prizes|
Born September 13, 1920 in the village. Pokurly (now - the Saratov region ) in the family of a prosperous peasant.
In September 1940 he entered the Zlatoust military engineering school , which he graduated from at the beginning of the war. For two years, being deputy and commander of a sapper company at the courses of junior political officers of the Volga Military District , he trained officers for the front.
In January 1943 he was appointed division engineer of the 8th Guards Cavalry Division . He took part in the battles on the Voronezh , Western , 1st and 2nd Ukrainian fronts , liberated Hungary and Czechoslovakia .
After the war, he commanded a battalion , at the same time was trained at the M.V. Frunze Military Academy , which he graduated in 1951 . Further service was held at the headquarters of the military district. Since 1954, he sequentially commanded a motorized rifle and mechanized regiments , a few years later - a motorized rifle brigade. From January 1960 to July 1961 he commanded the 32nd Panzer Division .
In 1963 he graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff , in July 1963 he was appointed 1st Deputy Chief of Staff of the Volga Military District . From 1965 to 1966, Mayorov was at the disposal of the 10th Main Directorate of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the USSR (international military cooperation) and, through this department, led a group of Soviet military advisers in Egypt .
In July 1966 he was appointed commander of the 38th Army ( Carpathian Military District ). In the summer of 1968, General Mayorov and his army participated in the invasion of the Warsaw Pact troops on the territory of Czechoslovakia . In October 1968 he was appointed the first commander of the Central Group of Forces created on the territory of Czechoslovakia and at the head of it served for more than four years. Over time, the archive of the commander accumulated 4 thousand pages of documents. Thirty years later, he decided to tell the truth about the invasion of troops by writing a book: “Invasion. Czechoslovakia, 1968 ”( 1998 ).
From July 1972 to August 1980, Colonel General Mayorov commanded the troops of the Baltic Military District . In 1977, he was awarded the rank of army general .
In July 1980 he was appointed first deputy commander of the Ground Forces. In this position, being simultaneously the Chief Military Advisor to the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan from August 4, 1980 to October 29, 1981, Army General Mayor planned and carried out the first major combined-arms operations of the Soviet army in cooperation with the armed forces of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan. Later, on his participation in the Afghan war, the general wrote the book The Truth About the Afghan War, published in 1996 .
Since February 1987, he was in the Group of Inspectors General of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR . Since June 1992 - retired.
Candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU (1971-1981). Member of the Council of Nationalities of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of 8-11 convocations (1970-1989) from the Uzbek SSR  .
He died on January 14, 2008 . He was buried at Kuntsevsky cemetery .
- Major General (05/07/1960)
- Lieutenant General (02.23.1967)
- Colonel General (02.21.1969)
- Army General (10.28.1977)
- 3 orders of Lenin
- Order of the October Revolution
- 3 orders of the Red Banner
- Order of Alexander Nevsky
- 2 orders of the Patriotic War of the 1st degree
- 3 orders of the Red Star
- medals of the USSR and the Russian Federation
- foreign awards
- Alexander Mayorov. The truth about the Afghan war. - M .: Human Rights, 1996 .-- 287 p. - ISBN 5-7712-0032-8 .
- A.M. Mayorov. "Invasion. Czechoslovakia, 1968 "(Publishing house" Human Rights ", 1998)
- Kalashnikov K.A., Dodonov I.Yu. High command staff of the USSR Armed Forces in the post-war period. References (1945-1975). Volume 1. Ust-Kamenogorsk: Media-Alliance, 2013. - ISBN: 978-601-7378-16-5. - S.163-164.