Voice Recognition is the movement of voices in a polyphonic piece of music.
This term is also used in vocal pedagogy (conducting singing voice).
Three main types of voice
- Polyphonic, polyphonic, counterpoint ( Polyphony ),
- Harmonic, homophonic, homophonic (homophony)
- Heterophonic subsonic ( Heterophony )
In polyphonic voice science (all) voices are melodically quite independent and equal. In harmonic, there is one leading voice, usually the upper one, while the rest serve as harmonic accompaniment (usually organized into chords ), contributing to a better expressiveness of the leading voice and adding a certain harmonic context or interpretation to it ( Harmonization ). In heterophonic-sub-voice voicing, voices vary the main melody, part of the time, as a rule, moving in unison or an octave, and at times diverging and merging again.
In technical terms, they distinguish:
- direct voting : movement of votes in the same direction - up or down.
- parallel voting : direct movement of votes over the same interval is a special case of direct.
- Opposite vote: the movement of one voice up, the other down.
- indirect voting : some voices move, others are kept at a constant height.
In one piece, all these variants of voice guidance can be found in different fragments, although in particular historical schools one or another way of voice guidance can be avoided, for example, parallel voice guidance.
- Voice Science // Great Soviet Encyclopedia : [in 30 vols.] / Ch. ed. A.M. Prokhorov . - 3rd ed. - M .: Soviet Encyclopedia, 1969-1978.
- Solovyov N.F. Golosovedenie // Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary : in 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional). - SPb. , 1890-1907.