Kadilo ( lat. Melīttis ) is a genus of plants of the family Luminous . Includes one view - The Cadilla is melissolist  .
|International Scientific Name|
Melittis L. (1753)
Melittis melissophyllum L. (1753) - Censer melissolistnoe
IUCN 2.3 Least Concern : ???
The plant is common in Europe , including in the west of the European part of Russia . Cultivated as an ornamental and medicinal .
Herbaceous perennial .
Stems erect, 20–80 cm tall, tetrahedral, hairy-hairy.
Leaves are petiolate, up to 15 cm long, rounded-ovate, with a toothed serrate margin.
Flowers bilabiate, collected 2-6 in the axils of the leaves. The corolla is rather large ( petals up to 32-40 mm long), with a lilac-dark pink spot on the middle lobe of the lower lip. It blooms from late May to mid-June.
Fruits - nuts egg-shaped, ripen in August.
The censer range covers Middle , South and Atlantic Europe. It is also found in the Baltic States , Ukraine and Moldova (upper course of the Dnieper and Dniester ). In Russia - in the western regions.
It grows predominantly on higher ground in deciduous and mixed forests ; in western Polesie, it is associated with outcrops and close occurrence of crystalline rocks.
In floriculture censer is usually grown on soils of light texture. Requires moderate moisture. Propagated by division of rhizomes . Seeds are sown in August - September, shoots appear in April - May. Blooms on 3-4 year of life. It grows without a transplant in one place and blooms profusely for more than 10 years. It is used both individually (forming separate groups), and in combination with other ornamental perennials ( primroses , iris , stonecrop , etc.).
For medicinal purposes, collect flowers, while completely cutting all flowering shoots at a height of 8-10 cm from the soil surface.
- ↑ About the conditionality of specifying the class of dicotyledons as a higher taxon for the group of plants described in this article, see the section “APG Systems” of the article “Dicotyledons” .
- ↑ Govaerts, R. Melittis L., Sp. Pl .: 597 (1753). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database (English) . The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (2003). Circulation date November 30, 2010. Archived March 4, 2012.
- Ornamental plants: a Handbook. - Kiev: Vishcha school, 1981.