The Kurgan-Tyube region ( Tajik. Viloyati Kӯrӯnteppa ) is an administrative unit of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic and Tajikistan , which existed in 1944-1947, 1977-1988 and 1990-1992. The center of the region was the city of Kurgan-Tyube .
|A country||the USSR|
|History and Geography|
|Date of formation||1944-1947 |
|Square||12.6 thousand km²|
|Population||982 thousand people ( 1987 )|
|Nationalities||Tajiks , Uzbeks , Russians|
|Official language||Russian , Tajik|
Area - 12.6 thousand km². Population - 982 thousand people (1987), including urban - 18%. Administratively consisted of 11 districts, included 3 cities and 13 urban settlements (1987).
It was founded on January 7, 1944 from parts of the Stalinabad and Kulyab regions . From the Stalinabad region, it included the Voroshilovabad , Dagana-Kiik , Dzhilikul , Kaganovichabad , Kirovo-Abad , Kuibyshevabad , Kurgan-Tyubinsky , Mikoyanabad , Molotovabad , Oktyabrsky and Shaartuz districts ; from Kulyab - Dangarinsky district .
By a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of January 23, 1947, the region was liquidated by joining the majority of its regions to the Stalinabad region, and the Dangarinsky one to Kulyab. With the abolition of the Stalinabad region on April 10, 1951, and the Kulyab region on August 24, 1955, the former districts of the Kurgan-Tyube region became directly subordinate to the republic.
By a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Tajik SSR of April 4, 1977, the Kurgan-Tyube region was again restored. It includes the city of Kurgan-Tyube, Vakhsh, Kolkhozabad, Kuibyshev, Kumsangir, Kurgan-Tyube, Shaartuz and Yavan districts.
September 8, 1988 the administrative districts of the region became part of the newly formed Khatlon region . For a short time, the Kurgan-Tyube region was restored during the abolition of the Khatlon region from January 24, 1990, including the city of Kurgan-Tyube, Vakhsh, Dzhilikulsky, Ilyichevsky, Kabodiensky, Kolkhozabad, Communist, Kuybyshevsky, Kumsangirsky, Pyandzhsky, and Shaanuz 1] . December 2, 1992 finally ceased to exist, becoming part of the restored Khatlon region  .
The climate is continental. The main river is Vakhsh , Kafirnigan . Reserve Tiger beam .
According to the data for 1978, the ATD of the Kurgan-Tyube region had the following form  :
|Areas||Centre||composition of areas|
|Vakhsh district||village Vakhsh||village of Vakhsh, village of Kirov , village of Oktyabrsk , village of Orzu , village councils Mashal, Mehnatabad, Okgaza, Rohi Lenin, Tajikabad, Yangiabad|
|Kabodiyon district||n. Kabodiyon||K / s Kabodiyon, Navabad, them. Nosira Hisrava, im. Saidnazar Khudaykulov, im. Utakara Nazarova, Yangiyul|
|Kolkhozabad district||village Kolkhozabad||Garavuti village, Kolkhozabad village , c / s Dekhkanabad, Dzhilikul, Kalininsky, Madaniyat, Navabad, Nuri Vakhsh, Tugalan, Uzun, im. Frunze|
|Kuibyshevsky district||village Kuibyshevsk||village Kuibyshevsk , c / s them. Aini, Aral, Dahanakiik, Ittifok them. Kalinina, Obikiik, Oktyabrsky, “50th Anniversary of the Tajik SSR”, Yakkutut|
|Kumsangir district||village Dusti||village Dusti , c / s them. Krupskaya, Kumsangir, Panj named after Sverdlova, Telman, Yakkadin|
|Kurgan-Tyubinsky district||Kurgan-Tyube||Kalininabad , the village of Bustonkala , the village of Kuibyshevsky , c / s Vanguard, Zargar, Kalininsky, Kyzylkalinsky|
|Shaartuz region||town of Shaartuz||village Shaartuz , c / s them. Dzhury Nazarova, Komsomolsky, Pakhtaabad, Sayyod, Shaartuz|
|Yavan district||town of Yavan||Hayotinav town, Yavan town , c / s Navcoram, Naryn, Obimuki, Ozodi, Sitoran Surkh|
According to the 1979 census , 703.0 thousand people lived in the Kurgan-Tyube region, including 131.7 thousand people in urban settlements. (18.7%). The population was distributed among districts as follows  :
The national composition of the oblast according to the 1979 census was as follows: Tajiks - 56.0%; Uzbeks - 31.2%; Russians - 5.1%; Turkmens - 1.8%; Germans - 1.8%; Tatars - 1.4%  .
- Enterprises of cotton ginning, food flavoring (oil mill, meat, fruit canning, flour milling), chemical ( Vakhsh nitrogen fertilizer plant “ Tajik Azot ”), electrical engineering industries.
- Mining of oil and gas.
- Golovnaya , Centralnaya , Derepnaya hydropower plants on the Vakhsh river.
- Agriculture is mainly irrigated ( Vakhsh Canal and others). Thin-fiber cotton, cereals (wheat, barley, corn, rice), fodder, vegetable and melon crops were cultivated. Fruit growing (including citrus growing). Viticulture. Plantation geraniums. The only industrial plantation of sugarcane in the USSR. Karakul breeding. Cattle, pigs and goats are bred. Sericulture.
- Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Tajik SSR "On the abolition of the Khatlon region and the formation of the Kulyab and Kurgan-Tyube regions" of the Tajik SSR on January 24, 1990 // Communist of Tajikistan. - No. 21 (17964). - 01/25/1990. - S. 1.
- Administrative and territorial division of the republics that were part of the USSR // Russian Empire. History of Russian Goverment
- Tajik SSR. Administrative division. 1978 year. - Dushanbe: Irfon, 1978.- S. 209-210. - 336 p. - 5,000 copies.
- All-Union Population Census 1979 , Demoscope weekly (02.26.2011).
- 1979 All-Union Census. The urban and rural population of the regions of the republics of the USSR (except the RSFSR) by gender and nationality . Demoscope weekly.