High-altitude lobsters  ( Latin Batrachuperus ) is a little-known genus of tailed amphibians (“newts”) from the family of lugfish ( Hynobiidae ), common in Western China . Until recently, 3 species from Afghanistan and Iran were included here, now isolated in a separate genus Paradactylodon .
|International scientific name|
Batrachuperus Boulenger , 1878
Tritons are medium in size. The body is stocky, the tail is approximately equal in length to the body. The labial folds along the edges of the jaws are pronounced; on the chin there is a longitudinal skin fold, a hyoid fold of smooth arched outlines. The tongue is oval, elongated. Keratinizing integuments on plantar surfaces of palms and feet, fingers, or only on fingers; four toes on fore and hind legs. The tail is rounded at the base, but gradually flattenes laterally from the sides, forming a caudal fin. Egg (egg) bags are short, much shorter than the body, the number of eggs in them is small, but the eggs are large, are located in a row in the bag.
All types of constant water. It is inhabited by cold, fast mountain streams, adult newts prefer to stay under rocks during the day or in rock crevices in areas with a slowed flow, and after dark they leave their shelters in search of food - aquatic invertebrates . Larvae and young individuals that have recently completed metamorphosis are found in smaller streams.
- Batrachuperus cochranae Liu, 1950,
- Batrachuperus karlschmidti Liu, 1950,
- large lump ( Batrachuperus londongensis Liu and Tian in Liu, Hu, Tian, and Wu, 1978),
- Sichuan coal-toothed ( Batrachuperus pinchonii David, 1872),
- Batrachuperus taibaiensis Song, Zeng, Wu, Liu, and Fu, 2001,
- Tibetan lugfish ( Batrachuperus tibetanus Schmidt, 1925),
- long-tailed lugfish ( Batrachuperus yenyuanensis Liu, 1950),
but they are all poorly studied and some researchers believe that their actual number is less. A number of species is known only for a limited number of finds originating literally from one point on the map.
- Ananyeva N. B. , Borkin L. Ya. , Darevsky I.S. , Orlov N.L. Amphibians and reptiles. Latin, Russian, English, German, French. / edited by Acad. V. E. Sokolova . - M .: Rus. lang., 1988. - S. 20. - 10 500 copies. - ISBN 5-200-00232-X .
Er-mi Zhao, Qixiong Hu, Yaoming Zhang and Yuhua Yang "Studies on Chinese Salamanders", Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, 1988.
Er-mi Zhao and Kraig Adler "Herpetology of China", SSAR, 1993.