Jaguar - the main battle tank , created by the Chinese National Corporation for the Import and Export of Machines (SMES) in conjunction with the American company " Textron Marine & Land Systems " in 1989 based on T-54/55 and " Type 59 " tanks for export to the third of the world .
|Classification||main battle tank|
|Combat weight, t||42|
|Crew , pers.||four|
|Manufacturer||Contractor Cadillac Gage Textron, developers - Textron Marine and Land Systems|
|Number issued, pcs.||Total built 2 pcs.|
|Main operators||People's Republic of China|
|Length with gun forward, mm||9700|
|Caliber and brand gun||105mm L7 / M68|
|Machine guns||12.7 mm M2HB|
7.62 mm M240C
|Engine type||Detroit Diesel|
|Engine power, l. with.||750|
|Ground pressure, kg / cm²||0.98|
|Breakable wall, m||0.8|
|Overcoming ditch, m||2.7|
|Overcoming ford , m||1.4|
History of creation and production
In early 1989, manufacturers officially announced the completion of a joint development of a new tank for export.
Two cars were made, but further joint work was curtailed due to the ban on military cooperation with China, established by the US government after the dispersal of a demonstration in Tiananmen Square in Beijing .
In 1990, the tests of the tank were completed.
Pointing gun was carried out using an electro-hydraulic system with two-plane stabilization. The DFCS weapon control system was borrowed almost unchanged from the Stingray light tank. The commander and the gunner had several sights, including night, laser rangefinder and ballistic computer. Extensive use in the "Jaguar" units and equipment "Stingray" was due to the fact that both of these tanks were originally made for sale to third countries.
Armored Corps and Tower
Layout with rear engine compartment. The hull and tower are welded. In the design of the tank used a combined reservation.
The design and installation of the upper part of the hull, tower and engine were carried out by the American company Cadillac Gage Textron ( Cadillac Gage Textron ).
A distinctive feature is the location of the crew, typical of NATO tanks, in which the commander and gunner are located in the tower on the right. Guidance guns electro-hydraulic, in the event of failure of their management is carried out manually.
The main armament of the tank is a 105-mm rifled gun L7. The gun is stabilized in two planes. As an auxiliary armament, a 7.62-mm machine gun paired with a cannon, as well as a large-caliber 12.7-mm anti-aircraft gun M2HB, are installed on the tank.
The tank is equipped with a fire control system, which is similar to the Stingray tank installed on an American tank with a laser rangefinder and thermal imaging devices.
Tank chassis were made in China. Individual torsion bar suspension. Automatic transmission XTG-411 production Allison Transmission (General Motors Corporation)
There is a radio station, TPU and the automatic system of the PPO.
- Jaguar Prototype main battle tank
- Designation: JAGUAR
- Photo of the tank "Jaguar"
- The main battle tank "Jaguar" (Php) (inaccessible link) . tankinfo.ru. - General information about the tank "Jaguar". The date of circulation is October 4, 2009. Archived October 22, 2010.
- China's armored vehicles (Html) (not available link) . rin.ru. - Review of armored vehicles of China. The appeal date is October 4, 2009. Archived June 22, 2007.