Georg Johann Luger ( German: Georg Johann Luger ) ( March 6, 1849 (1848), Steinach am Brenner , Austria (Austrian tyrol) - December 22, 1923 ) - Austrian gunsmith, famous for creating a pistol Luger . At the turn of the XIX-XX centuries. Georg Luger developed a 9 × 19 mm pistol cartridge, the ballistic qualities of which were so high that in 1953 he was recognized as the standard ammunition for NATO countries. Currently 9 mm Luger (aka 9 mm Parabellum and 9 mm NATO) is the most common pistol cartridge in the world.
|Georg Johann Luger|
|Date of Birth||March 6, 1849|
|Place of Birth|
|Date of death||December 22, 1923 ( 74)|
|Place of death|
Early years and military service
Georg Johann Luger was born into the family of surgeon Bartolameus von Luger. His family moved to Padua , and Italian became his second language. After leaving school, parents sent Georg Luger to the Vienna Commercial School.
In October 1867, Georg Luger volunteered for the 78th Infantry Regiment . After a year of service, he becomes an ensign . Georg Luger was a fairly well-aimed gunner, and this fact was noticed by his commanders. He was sent to a shooting school, where after a short time he became an instructor. It was in the shooting school that the future designer became interested in automatic weapons. In 1871, Georg Luger was promoted to lieutenant of the reserve and demobilized.
Georg Luger married Elizabeth Joseph Dufek in 1873 , and they had three sons:
- Georg Franz Luger
- Julius Wilhelm Bartolomeus Luger
- Friedrich Alexander Georg Luger
Georg Franz Luger became a civil engineer and helped his father work on the design of firearms. Julius Wilhelm Bartolameus Luger became an officer and died in the battles in Galicia in 1915 .
In the early 70s, Georg Luger worked as an accountant , and then as the administrator of the Jockey Club, which was one of the meeting places of the Vienna elite. Subsequently, he began to work for Deutsche Waffen und Municipalfabriken, and in 1875 he met Ferdinand Manlicher , becoming the sales representative of the Manlicher rifle.
In 1894, Georg Luger traveled to the United States to demonstrate the Borchardt C-93 Pistol , but US military experts rejected the model due to many flaws. Georg Luger took into account criticism and redid the Borchardt pistol, thereby creating the Luger Pistol (Parabellum), which became the most popular pistol in the first half of the 20th century. in the German army.