Gregory Romanovich Ginzburg ( 1904 - 1961 ) - Soviet pianist . Honored Artist of the RSFSR ( 1946 ). Laureate of the Stalin Prize of the second degree ( 1949 ).
|Date of Birth||May 16 (29), 1904|
|Place of Birth||Nizhny Novgorod , Russian Empire|
|Date of death||December 5, 1961 (57 years old)|
|Place of death|
|Professions||pianist , music teacher , professor|
G.R. Ginzburg was born on May 16 (May 29 according to a new style) in 1904 in Nizhny Novgorod . He graduated from the Moscow State Tchaikovsky Theater named after P.I. Tchaikovsky with A. B. Goldenweiser . In 1927, a participant in the First International Chopin Competition of Pianists , winner of the fourth prize. In 1933, Grigory Kogan , characterizing the manner of Ginzburg, noted:
Ginzburg is a great virtuoso. Many famous pianists could learn from him in this regard ... But, speaking as a virtuoso, he thinks like a musician. Ginsburg is primarily a musician: the exact formulation, the perfect expression of certain musical thoughts - that is his virtuosity. Virtuoso hobbies that violate the logic of musical thinking, virtuoso effects, for the sake of which the musical meaning of even the smallest detail is distorted, is completely alien to his nature. On the contrary, a concentrated “understanding” of the work sometimes “curbs” his pianistic temperament sometimes, so that it would be more likely - at times - to reproach him with excessive contemplation and insufficiently effective character of performance  .
Since 1929 he taught at the Moscow State Tchaikovsky Theater . Professor ( 1935 ). Among the students of Ginzburg - Gleb Axelrod , Sergey Dorensky , Alexei Skavronsky , Valentina Belykh.
G.R. Ginzburg died on December 5, 1961 in Moscow. He was buried at the Don cemetery (study 3).
By the centenary of Ginzburg, determining its place in the history of Russian pianism, a modern specialist claims:
Ginzburg is the last master of the classical piano , an instrument consecrated by the work and the name of Liszt . The last, and at the same time, if we talk about the perfection of the artistic organism of the classical piano, which comes to life under the fingers of the performer, - perhaps its highest master. Remarkable performers of new generations who took to the stage in the last third of the 20th century are masters of another instrument, a post-classical piano. In these generations, even the typical constitution of the pianist's hands changes: the hand becomes drier, in accordance with the growth of the percussion component in the intonative spectrum of the piano sound. While the hands of Ginzburg belonged to the classical type of pianistic hands, dressed in muscle flesh, standing out for their harmonic beauty, appearing to be works of art in themselves  .
Wife - Rebekah Lvovna Ginzburg (nee Schneerson), pianist.
Awards and prizes
- Stalin Prize of the second degree (1949) - for concert performance
- Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1946)
- Ginzburg G.R. Articles. Memories. Materials Comp. Yakovlev M. - M .: Sov. composer, 1984.
- Chernikov O. There lived a poor knight in the world // Music and Time. - 2001. No. 7.
- Chernikov O. Royal and voices of the great. Series: Music Library. Publisher: Phoenix, 2011 .-- 224 p. ISBN 978-5-222-17864-5
- Rabinovich D.A. Portraits of pianists. - M .: Owls. composer, 1962 .-- 268 p. (chapter on Ginzburg G.R. - pp. 94-132).
- German National Library , Berlin State Library , Bavarian State Library , etc. Record # 13553898X // General regulatory control (GND)
- G. Kogan. Gregory Ginzburg. // Kogan G. Issues of pianism: Selected articles. - M. Soviet composer, 1968. - S.365-373.
- A. Andreev. The classical piano of Gregory Ginzburg (inaccessible link) // Russian musician: Newspaper of the Moscow State Tchaikovsky Conservatory. - № 7 (1229). - November 2004. - P.3.