"Octavia" ( lat. Octavia ) - a tragedy written in the I century BC. e. in Latin and traditionally attributed to Seneca .
Sculptural portrait of Claudia Octavia
|Date of writing||I century AD e.|
- The nurse of Octavia.
- Nurse Poppea.
- 2 choirs of Roman citizens.
The action of the tragedy takes place in 62 A.D. e. for three days, during which Emperor Nero divorces his wife Claudia Octavia and marries Poppea Sabina . Subjected to outbursts of anger, Nero does not want to follow the advice of his mentor Seneca, who urges the emperor to moderate passions. The tragedy ends with Octavia's exile.
Question about authorship
Modern science as a whole rejects the attribution of the tragedy to Seneca the Younger and believes that Octavia was written during the Flavian dynasty , after the death of Nero and Seneca. Considered [by whom? ] it is hardly possible for Seneca to write a work so critical in relation to power; however, the treatise On Anger ( De Ira ), which certainly belongs to him, contains instructions to the rulers, which are also politically unsafe.
Translations into Russian
The first full translation of the tragedy into Russian was made by S. M. Solovyov and was published in 1933. In addition, “Octavia” was translated by S. A. Osherov and V. V. Derzhavin .
Major Publications in Russian
- Translation by V.V. Derzhavin (fragments) // Antique Literature: Reader. - 2nd ed. - К., 1968 .-- S. 523-529.
- Translation by S. A. Osherov // Antique Drama. - M., 1970 .-- S. 707-740. - ( World Literature Library ).
- Translation by S. A. Osherov // Seneca. Tragedy. - M., 1983. - S. 293-320. - ( Literary monuments ).
- Translation by S. M. Solovyov (fragments) // Seneca. Tragedy. - M., 1983. - S. 341-348. - ( Literary monuments ).