"Napoleon" ( French Napoleon ) - French historical cinema epic of Abel Hans 1927 . One of the most expensive and innovative projects of the silent movie era, however, did not have commercial success  .
|Genre||biography film |
|In the main|
|Albert Dieudonne |
|Operator||Jules Krueger |
Joseph Louis Mundwiller
|Film company||Films abel gance|
|Budget||18 million francs|
- 1 plot
- 2 Cast
- 3 Artistic Features
- 4 History of creation
- 5 Additional Facts
- 6 Camera crew (optional)
- 7 Notes
- 8 Literature
- 9 References
The script written by Hans corresponded so little with historical facts that, anticipating complaints from historians, he made a reservation in the opening credits - "Napoleon, as A. Hans saw him."
- Albert Dieudonne - Napoleon Bonaparte
- Vladimir Rudenko - Napoleon Bonaparte (child)
- Edmond Van Dayol - Maximilian Robespierre
- Alexander Kubitsky - Georges Danton
- Antonin Artaud - Jean-Paul Marat
- Abel Hans - Louis Saint-Just
- Gina Manes - Josephine Beauharnais
- Susanna Bianchetti - Marie Antoinette ,
- Margarita Ganset - Charlotte Corde
- Yvette Dieudonne - Eliza Bonaparte
- Jean d'Id - Lababier
The film was the first in the world shot using the technology of panoramic cinema simultaneously on three films  . Chest mounts were used on the shoots, a flying camera enclosed in a soccer ball, mass scenes were organized, magnificent scenery were built and a triple screen was used to show the final episodes of the film — the entry of Napoleonic troops into Lombardy  .
In preparation for the filming of Napoleon, Abel Hans read more than three hundred books: Bonaparte's memoirs, books by Louis Adolphe Thiers , Jules Michelet , Frederic Masson , Stendhal , Eli Faure  .
In 1923, the founder of the Vesti concern, a businessman of Russian origin Wenger, proposed to Abel Hans to make a film in Berlin . Hans replied: "I will shoot" Napoleon "only in France." Then Vengerov created the "international syndicate", which included the company " Pate "  .
At the end of 1924 the script was completed, it consisted of eight episodes, three thousand meters each  :
- Bonaparte Youth
- Bonaparte and terror
- Italian campaign
- Egyptian Campaign and 18 Brumaire
- Sun Austerlitz
- Retreat from Russia
- Saint Helena
The first two parts were removed  .
Later, in 1935, A. Hans released a new, sound version of the film called “Napoléon Bonaparte”.
The director considered the following candidates for the role of Napoleon: playwright Rene Foschua , chansonnier Jean Bastia , writer Pierre Bonardi , actor van Dael (played by Robespierre), Ivan Mozhuhin (refused, since he believed that only the Frenchman could create Bonaparte's image). Forty famous actors took part in the film  .
"Napoleon" was filmed in Briancon , Toulon , Corsica , Saint-Cloud , Brienne , Malmeson and Paris  .
- Filming: from January 17, 1925 to September - October 1926 (break from November 1925 to May 1926)
In the film were involved  :
- Technical staff - 200 people of various professions
- 8000 suits
- 6000 extras
- 4000 guns
- 60 guns
- 150 scenery, a whole district of Paris was built at the beginning of the XIX century
- 4: 1 screen aspect ratio
Camera crew (optional)
- Abel Hans - director, producer, screenwriter;
- Jules Krueger , Leons-Henri Burelle , Joseph-Louis Mundwiller , Nikolai Toporkov - cameramen;
- Alexandre Benois - artist;
- Alexander Volkov - assistant director;
- Victor Turzhansky - assistant director;
- Henry Andreani - assistant director;
- Anatole Litvak - assistant director.
- E.A. Iophis. Photokinotechnics / I. Yu. Shebalin. - M.,: “Soviet Encyclopedia”, 1981. - S. 231. - 447 p.