Karl Moll ( German: Carl Moll ; April 23, 1861 , Vienna - April 13, 1945 , Vienna ) - Austrian artist of the Art Nouveau era.
|Date of Birth|
|Place of Birth|
|Date of death|
|Place of death|
Moll studied at the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts in 1880-1881. Christian Gripenkerl . Later he became a student and assistant to landscape painter Emil Jacob Schindler . After Schindler's death in 1892, Moll married his widow and thereby became the stepfather of his daughter Alma .
In 1897, the Mall became one of the co-founders of the Vienna Secession . Participants of the Secession held exhibitions of contemporary art in Vienna, at the initiative of Karl Moll in 1903, the "Modern Gallery" was founded in Vienna, now called the Austrian Belvedere Gallery .
In 1905, Karl Moll, along with several artists from the group of Gustav Klimt, left the Vienna Secession. As the head of the Mitke Gallery, Moll began promoting Klimt's work. He organized exhibitions with the participation of artists from other countries, thanks to the Mall in Vienna, the works of Vincent van Gogh first appeared.
In the 30s, the Mall proved to be a staunch National Socialist . After the Anschluss of Austria by Nazi Germany in 1938, the step-daughter of Moll, Alma Mahler-Werfel, was forced to flee Austria with her husband of Jewish descent, the poet Franz Werfel . A few days later, the Mall took five paintings from the Belvedere Gallery, which Alma handed over to her, on behalf of her daughter Maria Eberstaller . The most valuable of the paintings - "Midsummer Night on the Beach" by Edward Munch , Moll later sold to the Gallery. In accordance with the Austrian Law on Restitution after a lengthy trial, this painting was transferred on May 9, 2007 to the rightful heiress of Alma Mahler-Werfel, Marina Mahler .
In 1945 , when Soviet troops entered Vienna, Karl Moll, along with his daughter and her husband, committed suicide in his villa. He is buried in the Vienna Greening Cemetery .
The mall was recognized for its large-format color lithographs and woodcuts . The style of his later landscapes changed from the plane painting characteristic of the Secession to a greater spatiality, and in later years the Mall became increasingly closer to expressionism .