Malaya Dmitrovka Street (in 1944-1993 - Chekhova Street ) - a street in the Tverskoy district of the Central Administrative District of Moscow . Passes from Pushkin Square to the Garden Ring . The numbering of houses is from Pushkin Square.
View of Malaya Dmitrovka from the Garden Ring
|Underground|| Tverskaya |
|Former names||Chekhov street|
|Name in honor|
|Postcode||125009 (No. 13/17), 127006 (other houses)|
|Phone numbers||+7 (495) XXX ----|
It got its name along the trade road leading to the city of Dmitrov , and formed on the sides of the road of the Little Dmitrovskaya settlement, in which merchants and craftsmen from Dmitrov settled. The street was called Malaya Dmitrovka until 1944 , when it was renamed Chekhov Street in connection with the 40th anniversary of the death of writer A.P. Chekhov . In 1993, the name Malaya Dmitrovka was returned to the street  .
Despite a series of reconstructions of the 20th - beginning of the 21st centuries that changed the architectural ensemble of the street, a large number of remarkable historical buildings have remained on Malaya Dmitrovka, many of which are architectural monuments . The territory of the quarter, bounded by Malaya Dmitrovka, Tverskaya Street, Degtyarny Lane and Sadovaya-Triumfalnaya Street, is the territory of the cultural layer “Vorotnikovskaya Stara Sloboda” and refers to historical and cultural monuments of federal significance.
- 1 Description
- 2 History
- 3 Noteworthy buildings and structures
- 3.1 Odd
- 3.1.1 The main house of the city estate Dolgorukov-Bobrinsky (No. 1/7)
- 3.1.2 Apartment building M. M. Tyulyaevoy (No. 3/10)
- 3.1.3 MGTS Building (No. 5)
- 3.1.4 Multifunctional office center "Pallau-MD" (Nos. 7 and 9)
- 3.1.5 Apartment building A. A. Sheshkova (No. 11/10)
- 3.1.6 Mansion of E.I. Zalogina (No. 13/17)
- 3.1.7 House number 15
- 3.1.8 Mansion of M. N. Mansurova (M. F. Krasilshchikova) (No. 21/18)
- 3.1.9 Profitable House of V. M. Kostyakova (No. 23/15)
- 3.1.10 Profitable House G. A. Gelrich number 25
- 3.1.11 City estate of I. G. Grigoriev - V. P. Pisemsky (No. 27)
- 3.1.12 Firgang House (No. 29)
- 3.1.13 House No. 31/22
- 3.2 On the even side
- 3.2.1 House No. 2/1
- 3.2.2 Church of the Nativity of the Virgin in Putinki (No. 2 p. 2)
- 3.2.3 House number 4 p. 1
- 3.2.4 Theater "Lenkom" (No. 6)
- 3.2.5 Ownership number 8
- 3.2.6 House number 10
- 3.2.7 City estate of the Shubins (I. A. Sytenko - A. E. Vladimirova) (No. 12)
- 3.2.8 City estate of Alekseevs (No. 14)
- 3.2.9 Mansion of E. M. Pautynskaya (No. 16)
- 3.2.10 City estate of A. N. Saimonov (No. 18)
- 3.2.11 School of Television Mastery of V.V. Pozner (No. 20)
- 3.1 Odd
- 4 Transport
- 5 Malaya Dmitrovka in photographs of the beginning of the XX century
- 6 See also
- 7 notes
- 8 Literature
- 9 References
Malaya Dmitrovka Street runs from southeast to northwest between Tverskaya and Karetny Ryad Streets, starting from Pushkinskaya Square and Bolshoy Putinkovsky Lane and ending at the Garden Ring ( Sadovaya-Triumfalnaya Street to the left of the intersection, Sadovaya-Karetnaya continues to the right). Nastasinsky , Degtyarny , Staropimenovsky lanes go to Malaya Dmitrovka on the left, Uspensky Lane departs to the right of the street, continuing Degtyarny Lane. On the segment from Degtyarny Lane to Sadovaya-Triumfalnaya Street between Malaya Dmitrovka and Tverskaya Street lies Vorotnikovsky Lane .
A road to Dmitrov , the closest port to Moscow, from where the Yakhroma , Sestra and Dubna rivers went, led the waterway to the North and the upper Volga from the 14th century . Dmitrovskaya road and the roads located next to it - Tverskaya (now Tverskaya street) and Oleshinskaya (Karetny Ryad) - were mentioned in 1504 in the letter of the Grand Moscow Prince Ivan III  .
By the XIV century , a settlement was formed on both sides of the road to Dmitrov, where traders and artisans lived (saddlers, Kalashniks, collars, carts and others). Since almost all of them were from Dmitrov, the settlement was called Dmitrovskaya. In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, suburban settlers were resettled along the same road, but away from the Kremlin , making way for Moscow nobility. In order to distinguish between the old ("large") and newly emerged settlements, the new settlement was called Malaya Dmitrovskaya settlement. Built at the end of the XVI century. the walls of the White City and the Earth City defined the modern boundaries of Malaya Dmtrovka: it began at the deaf Dmitrovskaya tower of the White City, which shared it with Bolshaya Dmitrovka, and ended at the Dmitrov Gate of the Earth City. At the same time, after the construction of the White City wall, the Dmitrovskaya road turned towards the Tver Gate, however, until 1647, pedestrians walked through a hole made in the wall near the Dmitrovskaya Tower. As Moscow developed, the settlement of merchants and craftsmen moved even further along the road, beyond the Dmitrovsky Gate: there, by the end of the 17th century, a new settlement was formed (modern Novoslobodskaya Street ).
The increasing importance of Malaya Dmitrovskaya Sloboda was expressed in the construction in 1649 - 1652 near the walls of the White City of the brick church of the Nativity of the Virgin . The authorities released a brick for the construction of the church and a huge amount of 800 rubles at that time. The church was built next to the Embassy yard, in which representatives of other states who arrived in Moscow stayed. Presumably, this locality was called “Putinki” along the Embassy's courtyard courtyard  .
At the beginning of the 18th century , as the census of 1716 shows, on Malaya Dmitrovka, the nobility began to settle: the suburban courtyards were interrupted by the gardens and houses of the princes Volkonsky , Dolgorukov , Gagarin , Menshikov , Urusov . Merchants' houses appeared in the neighborhood with the nobles, and prominent scientists - MM Kheraskov , D.S. Anichkov , A.A. Barsov , I.F. Erasmus and others began to settle in the Dmitrov lanes with the founding of Moscow University. On the plan of 1767 in the blocks between Tverskaya and Malaya Dmitrovka, 47 stone structures are shown, and between Malaya Dmitrovka and Petrovka - 11.
The district received its modern layout in the 18th century after the great fire of 1773 . At this time, a plan was developed for the construction of burned-out areas with the prescription: "... squares, streets and alleys to make curves straighter"  . The plan draws attention to the abundance of ponds and wastelands inside the Malaya Dmitrovka quarters, the preservation of small suburban courtyards, while on the sides of the neighboring Tverskaya Street all the courtyards are large, sometimes occupying a half-quarter territory. The street was damaged again during the Moscow fire of 1812 , however, after only two or three years Malaya Dmitrovka and its neighboring alleys were rebuilt. In one of the Dmitrov lanes, the architect O. I. Bovet built a house for himself, who took a large part in the restoration of Moscow after the fire. During the restoration after the fires, the street was gradually expanded from 9.6 to 24.5 meters.
In the first half of the 19th century, much on the street was connected with the movement of the Decembrists: on the street lived M.F. Orlov , M.F. Mitkov , I.A. Fonvizin , I.N. Gorstkin , there were G.F. Raevsky, M. A Fonvizin , A. P. Ermolov , E. E. Lachinov , S. G. Volkonsky , S. P. Trubetskoy , I. D. Yakushkin , A. V. Podzhio and others. In the homes of the nobility and the nobility , literary and musical salons are arranged, famous writers, artists, and musicians gather. In the second half of the 19th century, merchants began to prevail among streetowners. July 27, 1899 on Malaya Dmitrovka from Strastnaya Square to Butyrskaya Zastava, a tramway was opened along the first Moscow Dolgorukovskaya line   . For some time along Malaya Dmitrovka the popular tram route “A” (“Annushka”), rich in history, ran. Tram traffic on the street was valid until September 1, 1953  .
At the beginning of the 20th century , a number of remarkable buildings appeared on the street that changed its appearance: the building of the Merchants Club, the apartment buildings of the Spaso-Vlacherna Monastery, V. M. Kostyakova, M. M. Tyulyaeva, A. A. Sheshkova. In 1913, the street was lined with maples , some of which have survived to this day.
During the revolutionary events of 1905-1907, this part of the city turned out to be an “island” between the barricades of the Garden Ring and the Boulevard Ring . There were frequent rallies of workers. During the October Revolution of 1917, the headquarters of the anarchists were on the street, as well as the stronghold of the workers 'and peasants' military detachments, fortified on Tversky Boulevard . From here, the Red Army launched an offensive on the Kremlin.
In the first years of Soviet power, the street housed the Communist University named after Y. M. Sverdlov, the Communist University of Workers of the East, the Moscow Institute of Journalism, clubs of various institutions, student and Komsomol hostels. Here, meetings of party and Komsomol organizations were held, at which V. I. Lenin repeatedly spoke. Several buildings on the street at that time were transferred to the newspaper Izvestia .
In 1944, in connection with the 40th anniversary of the death of the writer A.P. Chekhov, the street received his name, as the writer lived here in the houses of No. 12, No. 11 and No. 29 in the 1890s and worked in the magazine Spectator ", The edition of which was located in the house number 1. In 1993 the name Malaya Dmitrovka was returned to the street. The territory of the quarter, bounded by Malaya Dmitrovka, Tverskaya Street , Degtyarny Lane and Sadovaya-Triumfalnaya Street, was assigned to historical and cultural monuments of federal significance  .
At present, compared with the Soviet period, on Malaya Dmitrovka the numbering of houses has changed somewhat, in particular, the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin in Putinki, which is indicated on the plans of Chekhov Street at No. 4, currently has the address Malaya Dmitrovka, house 2, p. 2 [6 ] .
Noteworthy buildings and structures
The main house of the Dolgorukov-Bobrinsky city estate (No. 1/7)
architectural monument (regional)
On April 7, 1764, the poet I.M. Dolgorukov was born in this house, which belonged to the old Russian princely family Dolgorukovs . Later, ownership was transferred to the doctor of medicine, the first professor of anatomy, surgery and obstetrics at Moscow University, I. F. Erasmus , who composed the first obstetric essay in Russian - “The instruction as a woman in pregnancy, in childbirth and after childbirth is to contain oneself”.
During the Moscow fire in 1812, the house burned and was restored in 1819  . In 1832, the companion (deputy) of the Minister of Public Education and the President of the Imperial Academy of Sciences S. S. Uvarov , who, on September 28, 1832, were visited by professors and adjuncts of Moscow University I. I. Davydov , M. A. Maksimovich , M.P. Pogodin, S.P. Shevyrev, and also the poet A.S. Pushkin , which was reflected on the memorial plaque installed on the facade of the building facing Malaya Dmitrovka. In 1833, a retired major general, Decembrist M.F. Orlov , lived in the house under the supervision of the police, and at that time released his book "On State Credit." In the 1860s , public meetings of the Moscow Archaeological Society began under the chairmanship of its organizer, archaeologist A. S. Uvarov . Since that time, for 30 years, the exhibitions of artists V. G. Perov , G. G. Myasoedov , I. E. Repin , V. I. Surikov , A. K. Savrasov and others have been held in the halls of this house. The building hosted receptions, charity evenings, and concerts  . In the 1870s , there were painting and drawing classes led by renowned architect and painter V.O. Sherwood . In the 1880s, the editorial board of the Spectator magazine was located here, in which A.P. Chekhov worked and published, publishing 11 essays in the magazine for one year,  as well as his brothers Alexander and Nikolai. At the beginning of the 1900s, the Russian Society of Photography Lovers in Moscow was located in the house, among whose members were famous scientists N. Ye. Zhukovsky , N. A. Umov , A. P. Pavlov and others. Since 1903, the Society has published the journal Izvestia of the Russian Society of Photography Lovers  .
In different years they also lived in the house: an official on special assignments under the Moscow governor-general, then - the Moscow post director, a friend of A. S. Pushkin A. Ya. Bulgakov ; nerd and mathematician, professor S. A. Rachinsky ; famous lawyer F.N. Plevako ; Choreography teachers at the Moscow Theater School  P. P. Lebedev and L. N. Geiten ; Artist of the Maly Theater L.P. Kositskaya-Nikulin .
The house acquired a modern look in 1913-1914, when a third floor was built on over part of the building facing Malaya Dmitrovka. After the revolution, the building was transferred to the newspaper Izvestia . In 1947 - 1964, the editorial office of the New World magazine was located in the building,  whose editor from 1950 to 1954 and from 1958 to 1970 was the writer A. T. Twardovsky . At this time, the magazine for the first time published a series of works that later became known, including “Forty, Fateful” by D. Samoilov , “This Is What Happens to Me,” E. Evtushenko ,  “One Day by Ivan Denisovich,” A. Solzhenitsyn , “ Not by bread alone ” V. Dudintseva .
In 1997, by the Decree of the Moscow City Council, the building was assigned to the list of historical and cultural monuments allowed for privatization  . Currently, the building houses the Banzai game club and a number of other organizations. In May 2007, the house was taken under state protection as a “revealed object of cultural heritage”  of regional significance  .
Apartment Building M. M. Tyulyaeva (No. 3/10)
architectural monument (newly identified object)
At the beginning of the XIX century on this place was the estate of Major A. V. Novosiltsev  . After the Moscow fire of 1812, the Noble guesthouse of Moscow University opened in the building on April 14, 1814 , among the students of which were the future Decembrists G.F. Raevsky (younger brother of V.F. Raevsky ) and E. E. Lachinov .
Later, in the boarding house of the Moscow teacher Fyodor Lechner, who lived here, from December 1825 to March 1826, the Polish poet Adam Mickiewicz lived with his comrades Malevsky, Ezhevsky and Budrevich. At this time, Miscavige met his brothers N. A. Polev and K. A. Polev , and in the fall of 1826 with A. S. Pushkin . Here, in the middle of the 19th century, the family of A. I. Georgievsky , an employee of the journal “Russian Herald” , lived. The Georgievskys often visited the poet F. I. Tyutchev  . In the second half of the 19th century, the following people lived in the house: actor of the Maly Theater and theater teacher I. V. Samarin  ; Professor of Mineralogy and Crystallography at Moscow University M. A. Tolstopyatov ; general practitioner A.A. Ostroumov , founder of a large scientific school; the first Russian woman chemist to receive a doctorate in chemistry from Yu. V. Lermontov , who was friends with Sofia Kovalevskaya and carried out her scientific research on behalf of D. I. Mendeleev and V. V. Markovnikov .
The modern five-story building, with two addresses - No. 3 on Malaya Dmitrovka and No. 10 on Nastasinsky Lane - arose in 1910 by the superstructure of the buildings located here earlier, designed by architect K. L. Rosenkampf . A long residential building is located opposite the building of the Merchants Club (No. 6) and was being built at about the same time. In its facade composition, the house is imitative, it seems to reflect the basic architectural techniques used by Ivanov-Shits during the construction of the Merchants Club building  . The facade overlooking Malaya Dmitrovka has two bay windows with six ionic half-columns located between them. The corner of the building is solved in the form of a rotunda . At the beginning of the 20th century, architect B. M. Nilus lived in the house, the author of the building of the Loan treasury in the neighboring Nastasyinsky Lane  .
In the 1950s, the Progress automatic store was located in the house. .
As of the second half of 2008, the building owned by the Izvestia Publishing House,  contains: Moscow Regional Branch of the Democratic Party of Russia , Representative Offices of the Altai Republic , Amur , Arkhangelsk , Voronezh , Kurgan , Murmansk , Novgorod Regions  at government of the Russian Federation, the editorial newsmagazine Federal Assembly - Parliament of the Russian Federation "Russian Federation today"  . and a number of other organizations building is to identify the object of cultural Nasli Ia  .
MGTS Building (No. 5)
Currently, the building of the Moscow City Telephone Network (built in 1994 by a joint-stock company ), one of the largest basic telecommunications operators in the capital, was built at this address in the 1970s.
Earlier, a memorial plaque was erroneously installed on the building located on this site indicating that Adam Mickiewicz lived in it  .
Pallau-MD Multifunctional Office Center (Nos. 7 and 9)
Currently, a multifunctional office center “Pallau-MD” has been built on this site with an underground parking lot under the design of the architectural workshop No. 14 “Mosproject-2” P. Yu. Andreev , the structural part of which were two previously existing buildings:
- No. 7 - A two-story apartment building was built in 1864 . The Belarusian painter V.K. Bialynitsky-Birulya lived in it for a number of years. In the 1840-1850s, the philologist and publicist I.F.Kalaidovich lived in the house that stood on this site. In the 1970s, an internal restructuring was carried out in the house  . Until the mid-2000s, this building housed the Dermatovenerologic Dispensary No. 3 of the Health Department of the Central Administrative District  .
- No. 9 - The main house of the city estate of the last third of the 19th century, which occupied the entire width of historical households, is a three-story stone building, asymmetric in plan, with a basement and a passage arch to the courtyard on the right side of the facade. The facade of the building is eclectic , combines elements of classicism and baroque . It is decorated with stucco platbands of windows completed with curly inserts and pediments , rusty corner pilasters , floor drafts under the windows of the first and between the first and second floors, decorated attic and frieze , figured composition in the tympanum of the main risalit  . In 1898, the house was rebuilt by an architecture engineer E.S. Yuditsky . Until the mid-2000s, this building housed the Psychoneurological Dispensary No. 14 of the Health Department of the Central Administrative District  . In the same building was the only Museum of unique dolls in the country. House No. 9 was a declared cultural heritage site  .
In 2001, Moscow Mayor Yu. M. Luzhkov signed a Decree on the reconstruction of houses No. 7 and 9 with the construction of a multifunctional office center and the conclusion of the skin-venereological and psychoneurological dispensaries on Seleznevskaya Street  . Both houses were renovated by MARSS under the direction of G. Mudrov: in building No. 7, risalits were leveled and floors were replaced; stucco molding was restored in house No. 9, part of the interiors was restored, and a cast-iron staircase was preserved   . The new building, added in 2007 by the development company Sistema-Hals  to the houses existing at this address, is a building of variable number of storeys (up to 7 floors) with an area of more than 14800 m².
Apartment building A. A. Sheshkova (No. 11/10)
architectural monument (regional)
In this house, owned by homeowner A. A. Sheshkov, in April 1899, A. P. Chekhov settled in apartment No. 14. The entrance to the apartment was from Degtyarny lane . On August 25 of the same year, Chekhov left for Yalta , from where he returned to this house in October 1900 and lived here before leaving for Nice until December 10 of that year  . Chekhov’s apartment was visited by writers L. N. Tolstoy , A. M. Gorky , I. A. Bunin , V. A. Gilyarovsky , theater figures K. S. Stanislavsky and V. I. Nemirovich-Danchenko , a famous psychiatrist G. I. Rossolimo ,  actors A. I. Yuzhin and O. L. Knipper , artist I. I. Levitan . The writer’s sister, Maria Pavlovna, who taught at the Rzhevskaya gymnasium, also lived in this apartment. K. S. Stanislavsky in his memoirs left a description of Chekhov's room:
The simplest table in the middle of the room, the same inkwell, pen, pencil, soft sofa, several chairs, a suitcase with books and notes - in a word, only necessary and nothing more. <...> Over time, the room was replenished with several sketches of young artists, always talented, new in direction and simple. <...> A samovar often made noise near his room, and around the tea table, like a kaleidoscope, visitors took turns. Some came, others left  .
In 1910, the house was built on three floors by the architect K. L. Rosenkampf .
For many years in Soviet times, the house was residential. In 1997, by the Decree of the Moscow City Council, the building of the apartment building was assigned to the list of historical and cultural monuments allowed for privatization  .
In 2000, residents were resettled from the house and the mayor of Moscow, Yu. M. Luzhkov, decided to reconstruct the building into non-residential  . In the process of reconstruction, the building came into pre-emergency state, and therefore changes were made to the reconstruction project  . Since 2004, the Golden Apple Boutique Hotel has been located in the reconstructed building  . The hotel offers 92 rooms, a restaurant, a health club.
Mansion of E. I. Zalogina (No. 13/17)
A two-story classic mansion of the early 19th century with a simple cubic volume is located on the corner of Malaya Dmitrovka and Degtyarny Lane (the building has a second address: Degtyarny Lane, 17).
In the 1840s, here, under the supervision of the police, lived E.P. Lachinova , the wife of the Caucasian general N.E. Lachinov , author (under the pseudonym E.Khamar-Dabanov) of the novel- pamphlet "Tricks in the Caucasus" (1844), which was banned and destroyed by censorship. Among the characters of “A Trick in the Caucasus”, E. P. Lachinova introduced, among other things, Lermontov’s heroes from the novel “ Hero of Our Time ” Pechorin and Grushnitsky.
In 1904, according to the project of architect K.K. Gippius, the building was paneled in the style of rational Art Nouveau with light ocher ceramic tiles with lighter flat images of architectural details - horizontal rods, platbands, window sills, panels. Courtyard services rebuilt from earlier buildings are similarly designed  .
Currently, the building houses the Autonomous Non-Profit Organization of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation Soyuzexpertiza , the largest and oldest independent inspection company in Russia in the field of quality control, examination, evaluation and certification of goods and services  .
House No. 15
Currently, this address is a modern eight-story brick residential building. The building also houses a branch of Sberbank of Russia , a number of other organizations.
Earlier in this territory there were three buildings under No. 15, 17 and 19:
- No. 15 - In this house in the 1880s there lived a companion of V. M. Chaplin by the firm “V. Zalessky and V. Chaplin ”, the famous architect V. G. Zalessky , and in the last years of the XIX - at the beginning of the XX century - artists K. A. Korovin and V. A. Serov . In the workshop in the house, M. A. Vrubel worked, creating the painting “ Demon ”.
- No. 17 - In 1802 , after the death of his wife, the historian and writer N. M. Karamzin  rented an apartment in the Mosolov’s house, which stood on this spot and began to publish the journal Vestnik Evropy , in which it was published in 1814 the first poem by A. S. Pushkin "To a friend of the poet". In 1815, the poet V. A. Zhukovsky stopped at Karamzin’s on Malaya Dmitrovka from mid-January to early March  .
- No. 19 - At the beginning of the 20th century, the house belonged to the retired guard staff captain A.K. Schildbach  . A. K. Schildbach was the son of the founder of the Moscow Credit Society K. K. Schildbach, later he himself headed this society   . In 1901, Schildbach became one of the founders of the Moscow Society of Lovers of Skiing, on the basis of which in 1911 the football section first appeared, and later the CSKA football club  .
Mansion of M. N. Mansurova (M. F. Krasilshchikova) (No. 21/18)
monument of architecture (local significance)
A one-story Empire- style mansion of the 19th century with a residential outbuilding along Staropimenovsky Lane was rebuilt several times in its history: architect Stepanov (1869, left extension), architect S. K. Troparevsky (1880), architect I. A. Kaminsky (1881 ), the architect B. M. Eppinger (1890)  .
From the first third of the 19th century, the classical decoration in the form of pilasters of the Corinthian order and stucco friezes has partially been preserved in the decoration of the facade. The main part of the facade is lined with shiny light cream ceramic tiles. To this day, the neoclassical decoration of the hall located in the corner of the mansion has also been preserved  .
In the second half of the XIX century, the mansion belonged to the Cavalier Lady of the Order of St. Catherine Maria Nikolaevna Mansurova (nee Princess Dolgorukova ), who together with her daughters founded the Riga Holy Trinity-Sergius Monastery  . In the 1860s, a professor at Moscow University, a botanist S. A. Rachinsky , lived in the house. He published the first edition of the book “The Origin of Species” by Ch. Darwin in Russia.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the house belonged to P. M. Krasilshchikov, one of the owners of a large textile enterprise in Rodniki . In 1907, according to the project of the architect I. S. Kuznetsov , the overhaul of the mansion was carried out, the interiors of the house were rebuilt  . In 1912, I. S. Kuznetsov also carried out construction in the courtyard of the mansion. In 1914-1916, the widow of Krasilshchikov kept a hospital here, where her daughters performed the duties of sisters of mercy. After the revolution, the family was evicted to the wing for the servants,  and the club “Commune” was located in the mansion, where the district communists held meetings. Later, the building was handed over to the State Institute of Journalism (GIH, later the All-Russian Union of Artists).
The mansion of M. N. Mansurova is an object of cultural heritage  . In 1997, by the Decree of the Moscow City Council, the mansion building was assigned to the list of historical and cultural monuments allowed for privatization  .
Apartment Building V. M. Kostyakova (No. 23/15)
На этом месте в 1740-х годах находилась шёлково-ткацкая фабрика Ильи Красноселова, а в 1750-х годах в старых палатах располагалась шпалерная фабрика Мартина Ботлера, обладавшего монопольным правом на производство полотняных и бумажных шпалер  . В 1760-х годах владение принадлежало известному фабриканту и английскому купцу И. И. (Джону) Томесу. Во время московского пожара в 1812 году все строения сгорели. С 1837 года владение (также включало дом № 25) принадлежало декабристу , члену Союза благоденствия И. А. Фонвизину  . В этом доме у Фонвизина бывал писатель Н. В. Гоголь . В 1849—1852 годах в доме жил член Московской управы Северного тайного общества декабрист И. Н. Горсткин . 11 мая 1853 года, через месяц после смерти И. А. Фонвизина, в этом доме на один день остановился его брат, декабрист М. А. Фонвизин . Здесь с ним встретился генерал А. П. Ермолов и другие друзья и соратники декабриста.
В 1850—1860-х годах это владение перешло к Бибиковым. Дом Бибиковых был своеобразным фамильным музеем, связанным с жизнью декабристов. М. И. Бибиков приходился племянником декабристу М. И. Муравьёву-Апостолу , а его супруга С. Н. Бибикова была дочерью декабриста, автора «Конституции» Н. М. Муравьёва . Здесь собирались на «пятницах» прибывшие в Москву С. Г. Волконский , С. П. Трубецкой , И. Д. Якушкин , А. В. Поджио и другие декабристы. В 1873 году дом посетил писатель Л. Н. Толстой . Во владении дома был огромный сад, который ещё в 1820-х годах был местом уединённого пребывания и отдыха декабристов.
Большой пятиэтажный доходный дом был построен на месте прежних владений в 1909 году по проекту архитектора К. Л. Розенкампфа  . В здании разместилась женская гимназия В. В. Потоцкой, преподавателями в которой были известные педагоги — Н. В. Чехов , П. С. Коган , В. И. Стражев и другие. В доме жил архитектор В. В. Воейков , автор нескольких доходных домов в Москве, северного крыла здания Политехнического музея , гостиницы «Метрополь» .
В настоящее время в здании располагается ЗАО «Моспромстрой» — одна из крупнейших строительных компаний Москвы, участвовавшая в строительстве и реконструкции Кремлёвского дворца съездов , Мавзолея В. И. Ленина , Останкинского телецентра , высоток на Новом Арбате , заводов ЗИЛ , АЗЛК и многих других объектов  . В здании также находится клуб «Синяя птица» — один из старейших (основан в 1964 году) джазовых клубов России. В конце 1960-х годов здесь начинали играть будущие «звёзды» джаза — Алексей Козлов , Алексей Кузнецов , Игорь Бриль , Михаил Альперин , Вагиф Садыхов и другие музыканты  . В 2010 году клуб «Синяя птица» прекратил своё существование.
Доходный дом Г. А. Гельриха № 25
In the place of this building and neighboring No. 27 (the city estate of V.P. Pisemskaya) at the end of the 18th – beginning of the 19th centuries there were two houses - two-story stone and one-story wooden, which belonged to the secretary of the city magistrate A. I. Grigoriev, the father of literary critic A. A Grigoriev . Both houses burned down during the Moscow fire of 1812  .
In the newly rebuilt building in the 1880s , there was the editorial board of the journal Russian Thought , founded by the journalist and translator V. M. Lavrov , in which the Russian historian V. O. Klyuchevsky , writers N. S. Leskov , K. K. Sluchevsky collaborated, P. D. Boborykin , M. Gorky , D. V. Grigorovich , D. N. Mamin-Sibiryak , A. P. Chekhov and many others. At the beginning of the 20th century, possession belonged to Princess M.E. Menshikova-Koreish  from the famous Menshikov family  .
The modern seven-story building, the facade of which is distinguished by symmetrical bay windows and decorated bas-reliefs on antique themes, was built in 1913 according to the project of the architect G. A. Gelrich . Up to 1916, the architect G. A. Gelrich himself owned the apartment building  . The building adjoins the left side to the house number 23/15, built four years earlier. In different years there lived: a microbiologist, plant physiologist, professor N. N. Khudyakov ; People's Artist of the USSR , Stalin Prize laureate , theater and film actress A.P. Zueva ; Soviet aircraft designer V.M. Petlyakov , who designed the four-engine Pe-8 heavy bomber (a memorial plaque was installed on the house in memory of the aircraft designer).
Here, after eviction from his own mansion and long wanderings around Moscow, the architect F.O. Shekhtel settled and lived in his apartment V. 22 Tonkova in the apartment number 22. Later, in the same apartment, Shekhtel’s grandson lived, actor Vadim Tonkov  . After returning from exile in 1923, the writer A. N. Tolstoy lived and worked on the novel “Peter I” in this house  .
City estate of I. G. Grigoriev - V. P. Pisemsky (No. 27)
architectural monument (regional)
City estate of the late XVIII - early XIX century with an outbuilding and stables.
In the 1840-1850s, the building housed the salon of V. P. Pisemskaya, a talented harpist , a highly educated woman, who attended lectures by the literature historian S. P. Shevyrev and the media historian T. N. Granovsky . Literary and musical evenings were organized in the Pisemsky salon, where writers N.V. Gogol , P. A. Vyazemsky , F. I. Tyutchev , F. N. Glinka , actor P. M. Sadovsky and others visited. Here in 1843, after the completion of his concerts in Moscow, composer Ferenc Liszt was given a farewell dinner. In 1867-1868, the famous Russian publicist I. S. Aksakov lived in this house and housed the editorial office of the Moscow newspaper he published. In 1878-1882, the estate belonged to the family of the Russian architect R.I. Klein , the author of the building of the Pushkin Museum. Pushkin , the trading house Mur and Meriliz and many other buildings in Moscow.
In 1997, by the Resolution of the Moscow City Council, the buildings of the main house, outbuilding and stables were assigned to the list of historical and cultural monuments allowed for privatization  . In 2003, the southern outbuilding of the city estate of V.P. Pisemskaya was excluded from the list of “newly identified cultural heritage sites” due to “complete physical loss”  .
Currently, the building of the main manor house houses the State Institution “Tverskaya” Integrated Social Service Center of the Central Administrative District of Moscow  . The building is an object of cultural heritage of regional importance  .
Firgang House (No. 29)
architectural monument (federal)
In 1744, the property belonged to the architect I. Ya. Blanc , and then to his son, one of the first architects of early classicism, K.I. Blanc , the author of the Orphanage and the Church of the Great Martyr Catherine on Vspolye in Moscow.
In the 1890s, the land belonged to the Moscow merchant and homeowner V.K. Firgang.
After returning in 1890 from a trip to Sakhalin and before leaving in 1892 in Melikhovo , A.P. Chekhov lived in a small two-story wing on the right side of the property. Here he worked on the book “Island of Sakhalin”, the stories “The Nutcracker”, “Duel”, “Chamber No. 6” , and also met with writers V. G. Korolenko , D. V. Grigorovich , V. A. Gilyarovsky , P. D. Boborykin , V.I. Nemirovich-Danchenko , historian D.S. Merezhkovsky , famous actors A.P. Lensky and A.I. Yuzhin , artist I.I. Levitan . The outbuilding has survived to our time and is marked with a memorial plaque with a bas-relief of A.P. Chekhov. In the second half of the 1910s, the house belonged to the hereditary honorary citizen I. E. Rakhmanov  .
Currently, the building is a branch of the exhibition hall "New Manege" and is called "Chekhov's House"  . The outbuilding in which A.P. Chekhov lived (Malaya Dmitrovka, 29, p. 4) is included in the list of objects of cultural heritage of federal significance  .
In the six-story apartment building, built in 1910 according to the project of architect I. G. Kondratenko , there lived an opera singer, soloist of the Bolshoi Theater A. I. Alekseev , historian S. F. Fortunatov , linguist N. F. Yakovlev  .
House No. 31/22
Currently, on the corner of Malaya Dmitrovka and Sadovaya-Triumfalnaya street, there is a residential complex consisting of 17-storey block buildings and a single stylobate part.
At the beginning of the 1900s, the corner outpatient clinic of the Animal Protection Society and the May Union Society, which was engaged in propaganda for animal welfare among schoolchildren, were housed in a corner house that stood here for several years.
On the even side
House No. 2/1
The four-story residential building, overlooking the facades of Malaya Dmitrovka and Bolshaya Putinkovsky Lane , was built in 1911 according to the project of architect L. V. Stezhensky .
In the house there lived an opera singer, director and head of the artistic part of the Bolshoi Theater Opera Company V.A. Lossky , in 1927 - a literary critic V. Lvov-Rogachevsky , who visited the poet Sergei Yesenin .
Church of the Nativity of the Virgin in Putinki (No. 2 p. 2)
architectural monument (federal)
The temple was laid in 1649 after a fire that destroyed the previous wooden church of the Nativity of the Virgin, and was completed in 1652 under Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich .
The church was built of specially molded bricks and included: a quadrangle elongated from north to south, crowned with three tents , a lowered rectangular altar volume, a cube-shaped chapel of the Burning Canopy , crowned with a completion in the form of a tent on the drum, a two-tier belfry and a small refectory, a ward churches from the west  .
After the construction of the temple was completed, in 1653 , Patriarch Nikon issued a ban on the construction of tent churches in Russia. Thus, the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin in Putinki is the last hipped stone temple in Moscow  . At different times, the name of the temple was added “what kind of Tver gate is on Dmitrovka”, “on the old Embassy yard, in Putinki”, until the modern name has been established  .
At the end of the 17th century, a new wide refectory was added to the temple with the side chapel of the great martyr Theodore of Tiron , including the older parts of the church,  and a gatehouse was built with a passage to the bell tower. The complexity and fragmentation of the architectural solution of the temple was enhanced by external painting and multi-colored tiles. In 1864, a new western porch of the temple was built with a tent similar in appearance to the rest of the tents. This porch was dismantled during the restoration of the temple in 1957 and replaced by a new one, stylized in the XVII century.
In the 1930s, the brethren of the High Petrovsky Monastery served in the church, and in 1935 the parish was closed. After the closure, office buildings were arranged in the church building, and then the rehearsal base of the Moscow Directorate “ Circus on the Stage”, where dogs and monkeys were trained until the summer of 1990   .
In 1990, the church was transferred to the Orthodox Church, its restoration began. Hegumen Serafim (S. P. Shlykov) was appointed rector of the church, but on the night of February 1 to 2, 1991, the priest was killed under obscure circumstances  . Divine services in the temple resumed in August 1991 . A great contribution to the restoration of the temple was made by Alexander Abdulov ,  on whose initiative in the courtyard of the theater. Since the end of the 1980s, the Lenin Komsomol held the festival "Backyard", funds from which were used to restore the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin. Abdulov also became the director of the film-concert “ Backyard-3, or the Temple should remain the Temple ”, the entire collection from which was also transferred to the Temple restoration fund. On January 5, 2008, the funeral of A. Abdulov took place in the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin in Putinki  . The church building is an object of cultural heritage of federal significance  .
House No. 4, p. 1
In this house lived the professor of the Moscow Conservatory , People's Artist of the RSFSR V.I. Suk , whose conducting talent was highly appreciated by composers P.I. Tchaikovsky and N.A. Rimsky-Korsakov .
Currently, the building houses the Central District Children's Library No. 3 named after M.V. Lomonosov.
Lenkom Theater (No. 6)
architectural monument (federal)
The building of the Club of the Moscow Merchants' Assembly was built in 1907 - 1909 according to the project of the architect I.A. Ivanov-Shits (with the participation of V.K. Oltarzhevsky ). In 1912 - 1914, a rear extension was constructed to the building according to the project of architects V. D. Adamovich and V. M. Mayat . The rooftop hanging garden was especially popular.
Basically, the facade composition of the building, combining the features of neoclassicism and Art Nouveau , is symmetrical, although there is an asymmetry element in it - the lower parts of the two tower-shaped volumes are differently solved, between which there is a loggia with a portico of six ionic columns. This composition was later used by Ivanov-Shits in the design of the facade and the artistic decoration of the building for the A. L. Shanyavsky Moscow City People's University on Miusskaya Square in Moscow. The right entrance of the theater is a protruding faceted volume, on top of which a balcony is placed at the level of the second floor, the entrance on the left is marked by a small ledge with a metal visor. The building has preserved the original interior decoration in the Art Nouveau style, down to chandeliers, furniture and fabrics  .
Before the October Revolution , the building held meetings of Moscow merchants, played musical and dramatic performances, gave musical and vocal divertissements , there were cultural figures, representatives of aristocratic families, industrialists and philanthropists . In October 1917, the building housed the Political Club House of Anarchy, and after its dispersal, which is described in A. Tolstoy ’s novel “Going the Hardship,”  the Central School of Party and Soviet Work  was located here . In 1919, the Y. M. Sverdlov Communist University was opened in the building, in which V. I. Lenin spoke several times, and in 1920 the 3rd Congress of the Russian Communist Youth Union was held . Vladimir Mayakovsky devoted his lines to Sverdlovsk University: “Here merchants used to have fun dexterously. Now the University of Workers is Sverdlovka ”  . In 1923, the Malaya Dmitrovka cinema was opened in the building, where mostly foreign films were screened, and in 1926, jazz singer Sydney Besche performed.
In 1933, the Theater of Working Youth (TRAM) began working in the building, transformed in 1938 into the Lenin Komsomol Theater. Since 1990, the theater has been called " Lenkom " (artistic director since 1973, M. A. Zakharov ). Over the years, A. V. Efros , I. N. Bersenev , S. G. Birman , A. G. Abdulov , E. P. Leonov , T. I. Peltzer and others worked in the theater. In March 2007, a severe fire broke out in the 911 nightclub premises located in the building, which killed 10 people  . At present, in addition to the theater, the building houses a restaurant of the Dymov No. 1 network,  a fitness club of the Planet Fitness network  and a karaoke club Utesof  . The building of the theater is an object of cultural heritage of federal significance  .
Ownership No. 8
- Доходный дом Спасо-Влахернского женского монастыря (№ 8 стр. 1) — Дом построен в 1914—1915 годах по проекту архитектора В. И. Ерамишанцева по заказу Спасо-Влахернского женского монастыря . Здание обращает на себя внимание выразительной контрастной фактурой стен, имитирующей грубо обколотый гранит в двух нижних этажах и стилевым контрастом с главным фасадом бокового дворового неоштукатуренного фасада  . В доме жили архитекторы В. И. Ерамишанцев (кв. 26),  П. П. Штеллер , экономист А. Л. Вайнштейн  , оперная певица Е. К. Катульская , композитор Б. С. Шехтер . Во флигелях жили компаньон В. М. Чаплина архитектор В. Г. Залесский ; врач, инициатор открытия первой в Москве «Глазной больницы для бедных» К. Л. Адельгейм  ; размещались различные издательства и типографии. Здесь в 1914 году печатался журнал «Рабочий труд» под редакцией революционера И. И. Скворцова-Степанова . В 1930-х годах здесь размещались художественно-производственные мастерские Общества московских художников, председателем которых являлся живописец-авангардист А. В. Лентулов .
- № 8 стр. 4 — В здании располагается Детский музыкальный театр юного актёра . Театр юного актёра создан в 1988 году выпускником РАТИ А. Ф. Фёдоровым (с 2002 года — заслуженный артист России ). В 1996 году театр получил статус государственного. Репертуар основан на русской и мировой музыкальной классике, включая произведения С. Рахманинова , П. Чайковского , Н. Римского-Корсакова и других композиторов. Театр имеет два зала: Большой — на 1100 мест с тремя сценами: одна главная и две боковых, с театральным занавесом на тему оперы Н. Римского-Корсакова «Садко», и Малый концертный зал на 300 мест  . В детском возрасте в театре играл певец Н. Басков , в составе которого побывал на гастролях в США , Израиле , Швейцарии , Франции .
Дом № 10
В конце 1750 года и первой половине 1760-х годов на этом месте жил в собственном доме поэт и директор в 1763—1770 годах Московского университета М. М. Херасков , издававший журналы « Полезное увеселение » и «Свободные часы». В доме у Хераскова бывали поэт и драматург А. П. Сумароков и создатель первого постоянного русского театра Ф. Г. Волков , с которыми Херасков работал по организации в 1763 году московского уличного маскарада «Торжествующая Минерва».
В 1820-х годах здесь жил С. Д. Нечаев — обер-прокурор Святейшего Синода , участник Отечественной войны 1812 года , основатель первого Музея Куликовской битвы .
В начале 1900-х годов на территории усадьбы находилось Общество покровительства животным с больницей и приютом. Во второй половине 1910-х годов владение принадлежало М. В. Востряковой  — жене русского художника-аквалериста М. А. Дурнова .
The four-story building with outbuildings along the red line was reconstructed in 1996 with the construction of a monolithic foundation, the replacement of reinforced concrete floors and the construction of an underground car park. Currently, the building belongs to the Monolit rental unit fund , which leases it to the non-governmental pension fund Welfare  .
City estate of the Shubins (I. A. Sytenko - A. E. Vladimirova) (No. 12)
architectural monument (regional)
The estate's territory and buildings were formed at the end of the 18th - beginning of the 19th centuries on the site of three small estates that burned out during a fire in 1773. By 1823, when the Shubins belonged to the city estate, a classical ensemble already existed here, mostly preserved until our time: the main house with a wooden second floor and a wide five-window mezzanine , standing on the red line of Malaya Dmitrovka, flanked by outbuildings connected to the main house with a brick fence . A one-story left wing, with a front part built in 1834, closes the courtyard of the estate from the north; the two-story right wing, rebuilt in 1892 by the architect V.N. Karneev , has a slight rounding and fixes the corner of Malaya Dmitrovka and Uspensky Lane. At the beginning of the 19th century, the main house had an empire facade and a six-column portico.
Here, in 1833-1834, there lived a Decembrist, a participant in the Patriotic War of 1812, M. F. Orlov , who visited A. S. Pushkin and E. A. Baratynsky  .
In the second half of the 19th century, the estate became profitable: the house and the outbuildings were divided into apartments, and the beer and wine shops were located in the left outbuilding at one time. The exterior of the estate was preserved until 1893 , when the portico of the main house was dismantled according to the project of architect A.E. Nisselson . For many years there was a drawing school in the house, which later merged into the Stroganov School , the gymnasium of O. N. Meshcherskaya  and other educational institutions. In the 1890s, the “Drama School of A. F. Fedotov” and “Music Classes of N. S. Klenovsky” operated in the house, and paid public lectures on art and literature were read. In November 1898, A.P. Chekhov’s sister, Maria Pavlovna, rented four small rooms in the “Vladimirov’s House” (the right wing of the estate) that overlooked Uspensky Lane and moved to them with her mother  . At the beginning of April 1899, upon arrival from Yalta, A.P. Chekhov briefly stayed in his sister's apartment, renting an apartment a few days later in Sheshkov's house (Malaya Dmitrovka, 11).
In 1905, at the request of the homeowner A. E. Vladimirov, the architect S. M. Zharov, the estate was re-finished using rich stucco decoration on the facade of the main house, but with almost no changes in its empire articulations. Thin panels on antique themes were decorated in the window sills of the mezzanine. In the same year, the interiors underwent reconstruction - the main hall of the house was the new hall between the courtyard risalits , with a rich stucco ceiling imitating carved wood and an asymmetric multi-column lobby. The processing of the interiors of the main house has largely been preserved to this day.
In 1905-1906, S. M. Zharov also carried out work on the northern wing (p. 3), built in the 1810s.
In the 1920s, the building was occupied by the Moscow Institute of Journalism (later the Pravda All-Union Communist Institute of Journalism - VKIZH), among the teachers of which were A. V. Lunacharsky , A. S. Bubnov , V. M. Friche , M. S. Olminsky , B.M. Volin , P.S. Kogan and others. Among the students of the institute of that time were the future playwright A.N. Afinogenov and the poet I.P. Utkin .
In 1997, by the Decree of the Moscow City Council, the buildings of the main house, outbuildings and services were assigned to the list of historical and cultural monuments allowed for privatization  . In May 2007, the main house of the estate, as well as the southern outbuilding and the fence with a gate overlooking Malaya Dmitrovka, were taken under state protection as “an identified object of cultural heritage”  , the northern outbuilding is also included in the protection. The northern outbuilding (p. 3) is listed in the Red Book of Archnadzor (an electronic catalog of Moscow's real estate objects of cultural heritage under threat), the nomination is desolation. 
Alekseev city estate (No. 14)
architectural monument (regional)
The property consists of the main house (No. 14, p. 1), a residential outbuilding (No. 14, p. 2) and a number of other buildings erected in the 1st third of the 19th century. The main house was rebuilt in 1870 and in the 1890s (architect I.P. Zalessky ). Residential outbuilding - in 1840 by the architect N. I. Kozlovsky (presumably)  .
In the 1850s and early 1860s, the estate belonged to Professor S. I. Barshev , Dean of the Faculty of Law of Moscow State University in 1847-1863. Scientists from Moscow University often visited the mansion. Since the end of the 1890s, the Moscow Society of Amateur Cyclists was located in the house, one of the founders of which was engineer V. G. Shukhov  . Until the second half of the 1910s, the ownership belonged to the Alekseevs  . In the 1920s, there was the 1st experimental station of the Glavotsotsvopitaniya People 's Commissariat for the Study of the Pedagogical Process and the Environment and the Pedagogical Exhibition on Public Education. In the same years, one of the apartments in the house was occupied by the People's Artist of the USSR , twice the Stalin Prize laureate F.V. Shevchenko .
In 2004, the Alekseyev city estate as part of the main house and the residential outbuilding was taken under state protection  . Both buildings are objects of cultural heritage of regional significance  .
Currently, the embassy of the Republic of Slovenia in the Russian Federation is located in the main house of the city estate. In the depths of possession (No. 14a, p. 5) there was a Special (correctional) general boarding school No. 22 for hearing-impaired and late-deaf children. Now the building is under reconstruction  .
Mansion of E. M. Pautynskaya (No. 16)
At the heart of the existing mansion is a wooden house built before 1817 along the red line of the street. A slight change in the direction of the street later made it possible to arrange a front garden, characteristic of the second half of the 19th century, in front of the house. Initially, the mansion had a classic facade with a columned portico, but subsequently it was repeatedly expanded and remade. The house got its current appearance in 1893 as a result of its reconstruction in the neoclassical style according to the project of the architect I. P. Mashkov  . The entrance part with an increased two-story volume was added to the house with its right entrance, which protrudes onto the red line of the street. The construction of a low patterned metal fence of the front garden dates back to this time.
In the 1780s, the writer D.I. Fonvizin visited her sister’s house in this place, F.I. Argamakova. In the late 1860s, the owner of the house was the engineer of Moscow theaters, the founder of the theater dynasty F.K. Waltz. In the summer of 1867, Waltz staged a demonstration in the garden of the mansion to the large public of the St. Petersburg balloon , which lifted up to 10 people. At the same time, one of the largest artists of the Maly Theater, Glykeria Fedotova, lived in the house. In the early 1900s, the school of playing the zither of F. M. Bauer, the publisher of the magazine Russian Citrist, the father of silent film director , theater artist and screenwriter E. F. Bauer, was located here . At the beginning of the 20th century, the mansion belonged to the hereditary honorary citizen E. M. Pautynskaya  .
In the 1920s, the property was rented to Izvestia VTsIK employees: the Soviet graphic artist B. E. Efimov , the head of the fine arts department of the Izvestia newspaper and art critic Ya. A. Tugendhold , a Soviet state and party leader, lived here . , Izvestia deputy editor B. M. Volin , writer Leonty Kotomka (real name V. I. Zelensky).
In a brick building located in the back of the courtyard in the early 1920s there was a printing house of the Economic Newspaper, which was handed over to the Krasnaya Zvezda newspaper in the mid-1920s. In 1936, the newspaper also moved to the building. During the battle of Moscow , a bomb shelter was organized in the basement of the building. In October 1941, the building was damaged by a blast wave. In the post-war years, the building was reconstructed to install equipment, organize an expedition, expand zincography, and also accommodate departments of the Red Star editorial office  . The printing house, publishing house and editorial office of the Red Star were located at this address until the early 1960s  .
Currently, the building of the mansion houses the GP “General Directorate of International Book Exhibitions and Fairs”,  in house No. 16, p. 2 - Moscow Regional Society of Poultry Fans,  publishing the magazine “Decorative Poultry Farming”  . In November 2007, Moscow Mayor Yu. Luzhkov signed a decree on the design of an administrative building at Malaya Dmitrovka, vl. 16, p. 4 and its reconstruction, as a result of which the total area of the building should increase from 337 to 655 square meters  .
City estate of A. N. Saimonov (No. 18)
architectural monument (federal)
The territory of the estate was formed in the second half of the 18th century on the site of several narrow courtyards located along the Malaya Dmitrovka line and one of the large kitchen gardens that occupied almost the entire territory inside the block to ul. Petrovka  . The main manor house was built in the 1780s by the architect N. A. Lvov  for A. N. Saimonov. Saimonov was the nephew of P.I. Soymonov - the state secretary of Empress Catherine II , he himself occupied a significant place at court, but during the reign of Paul I retired from business  . The main house of the estate had a Tuscan portico, and the front yard facing Malaya Dmitrovka was flanked by two small outbuildings, one of which was wooden. On the northern border of the estate was a stone office building, partially preserved to our time (the building to the left of the main house, Malaya Dmitrovka 18a). At the beginning of the 19th century, there was a terrace on the rear facade of the main house, overlooking the garden with a long gentle ramp , subsequently replaced by a staircase. The building of services in the garden was built in the second half - the end of the 19th century according to the project of the architect A. O. Gunst .
For some time A. N. Soymonov lived with his illegitimate son S. A. Sobolevsky  , a well-known bibliophile and bibliographer , author of epigrams , and a friend of A. S. Pushkin . In the 1820s, Soymonov’s nephew, a participant in the war of 1812, the Decembrist M. F. Mitkov  lived here (in this regard, in some documents , house number 18 is called the “House of the Decembrist Mitkov”). M.F. Mitkov was an active member of the Northern Secret Society , was a member of many of his meetings. Some important meetings of the Northern Society took place in this house: for example, on December 15, 1825, at a meeting held here, the question of supporting the St. Petersburg speech was raised  ; in 1823, the Charter of the Company, “Rules for All Members of the Society,” which became a major event in the history of the Northern Society, was adopted at Mitkov’s apartment  . In 1834, A. N. Raevsky , the eldest son of General N. N. Raevsky , a participant in the Patriotic War of 1812, who was involved in the Decembrists case, was allowed to settle in the house  . In the same year, in Moscow, A.N. Raevsky met with A.S. Pushkin, who had known each other since 1820.
Later, the estate passed to V. D. Ladyzhenskaya, in which in 1858-1859 the Tuscan portico was replaced by the Doric one ; At that time, the facade drawing  that was preserved to this day was basically done. At the same time as the main house, the street wings were rebuilt, further expanded with lateral annexes. The transitions from the outbuildings to the house appeared quite late: the north (left) - in 1884 (architect N. N. Chernitsky  ), the south (right) - after 1901. The main interiors of the house were partially redesigned and processed in pseudo-classical forms by the architect A.E. Weber in 1877 .
After 1917, the Sverdlovsk district committee of the CPSU was placed in the house for a long time, one of whose members in the early 1950s was the composer D. B. Kabalevsky  . In 1960, a bust monument to Y. M. Sverdlov was erected near the building, which is currently classified as a cultural heritage site of federal significance  . In 1962, the Sverdlovsk District Committee decided to expel V. M. Molotov from the party for “anti-Party factional activity and active participation in mass repressions”  . In 1976, by the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR, the manor building was included in the list of cultural monuments of state significance  . In the late 1980s, the building housed the Central Council of the All-Union Voluntary Society for the struggle for sobriety.
In 1997, by decision of the Moscow Government, the building was transferred to Moscow Committee on Science and Technology JSC  . This decision was canceled and a new one was adopted in January 2000 - on the lease of the building to the Regional Branch “Problems of the Development of Moscow and the Moscow Region” and the Regional Branch “Problems of the Development of Regions”, but in March of the same year this decision was also canceled  . In June 2001, the Moscow Government transferred the building on a long-term lease for 25 years to the Olympic System CJSC,  which is part of the Vladimir Yevtushenkov group of companies AFK Sistema  .
As of the beginning of October 2008, restoration work is underway in the main manor house. There are construction plans on the site of the house 18a, which includes parts of the buildings of the XVII century, 4-storey office building. According to the director of the Hermitage Garden, the constructed building will obscure the nearby territory of the garden, change the circulation of air, and generally harm the nature of the Hermitage  . Currently, the estate building is an object of cultural heritage of federal significance  .
School of Television Mastery of V.V. Pozner (No. 20)
Earlier on this place there were two buildings No. 22 and No. 24:
- No. 22 - A house owned by the poet and petrashevist A. N. Plescheev , who lived here in 1867 and 1874. In the 1860s, the artist of the Maly Theater, Glykeria Fedotova, and her husband, playwright, actor and director of the same theater A.F. Fedotov, lodged in the house. At the beginning of the 20th century, Countess A. A. Olsufyeva  , Ober-Hofmeisterin of Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna, owned the house. Over the years, the actress and director O. V. Gzovskaya , People’s Artist of the USSR , Bolshoi Opera Opera singer K. G. Derzhinsky , histologist, professor A. V. Rumyantsev, and historian I. I. Shitts lived in the house. In 1991, the house received the conservation status of an architectural monument  . In 1997, a resolution was adopted by the Moscow City Duma, which assigned the building to the list of historical and cultural monuments allowed for privatization  .
- No. 24 - A corner house housed a hospital, E. Y. Kalyuzhnaya music school and dance school, as well as artists from Moscow theaters. The building was demolished in the 1970s.
In 1999, Moscow Mayor Yu. M. Luzhkov transferred the land on which house number 22 was located, and the wasteland, where house number 24 was previously, to the educational institution “School of Television Mastery under the direction of V. Pozner” for the construction of a school and administrative buildings  . The decision of Yu. Luzhkov outraged the artists who are part of the Kolorit housing construction cooperative, whose workshops were located in this house  .  Residents of the district, a number of political parties and public organizations, who held several protests near the building under construction, also opposed the construction of the school of V.V. Pozner  . In 2004, after numerous complaints, the Moscow prosecutor sent an order to V. I. Resin and a warning to the Main Directorate for the Protection of Monuments of Moscow on the fact of numerous violations during the construction and the threat of destruction of the architectural monument  . Despite this, the architectural monument was reconstructed and became a constructive part of the new building according to the project of architects A. V. Bokov  and M. Belits  - now only the facade part looking out of the office center overlooking Malaya Dmitrovka and surrounded by modern reinforced concrete structures on the top, right and left (the new building received the address Malaya Dmitrovka, d. 20).
|"P ... do not toss the bags, Volodenka ..."|
|billboard on pl. Kursk station|
In 2007, on the square of Kursky Station, unidentified persons pasted a billboard with a social advertisement by V. V. Pozner “I love Moscow, which is almost no more: quiet, old, with a creak of snow underfoot,” a reminder to the presenter about the destruction of the monument: “Don't ... toss the bags, Volodenka ... House number 20 on Malaya Dmitrovka "   .
- Not far from the beginning of the street there are Chekhovskaya , Pushkinskaya and Tverskaya stations of the Moscow Metro .
- Since October 1, 2015, the only trolleybus route that ran along the street - No. 3 ( Milashenkova Street - Trubnaya Square ) - was shortened to Samotyochnaya Square. From October 8, 2016, the M10 bus route was launched along the street ( Lobnenskaya Street - Kitay-Gorod metro station).
- The traffic on the street is two-way.
Malaya Dmitrovka in photographs from the beginning of the 20th century
View of Malaya Dmitrovka from Bolshoi Putinkovsky lane View towards the Holy Monastery View towards the Holy Monastery from Nastasinsky Lane Merchant Club
- Bolshaya Dmitrovka
- Dolgorukovskaya street
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