Polygamous actinidia , or polygamous actinidia , or nosed actinidia , or acridid actinidia ( lat. Actinídia polygáma ), also matatabi - liana ; species of the genus Actinidia .
|International scientific name|
Actinidia polygama ( Siebold & Zucc. ) Maxim.
Distribution and habitat
It grows in nature in the Far East , in the south of Primorye ( Posyet Gulf , Razdolnoye ), on Sakhalin , in Korea , Japan , and China .
It occurs at the edges and in thickets of shrubs.
Polygamous actinidia is a perennial shrub vine . It grows in length up to 5 m.
The bark of young shoots is grayish-brown, old - reddish-brown.
Leaves change color during the growing season . Leaves below veins with small bristle-like hairs.
It blooms from early June to early August, about 30 days, with white fragrant flowers . A cup with fruits is green. Dioecious plant .
Fruits - berries up to 4 cm long with a conical pointed nose, edible, but significantly less tasty than other species, are limitedly used in Japanese cuisine as aromatic vegetables, taste slightly burning, compared with other types of actinidia are poor in vitamin C  . Ripening begins at the end of September, when ripening, color changes dramatically. From solid light green they turn soft and orange.
Economic Significance and Application
Polygamous actinidia is less hardy than colomict actinidia and acute actinidia , but more decorative. In culture since the 60s of the XIX century. In Japanese cuisine, berries are limitedly used as hot vegetables, in salads and as a seasoning for rice, marinated and salted. Dried leaves are used in herbal teas.
Action on cats
Like other plants of its kind, polygamous actinidia is extremely attractive to domestic cats , and is a stereotypical bait for them in Japanese culture, like Valerian in Russia and catnip in English-speaking countries. The Japanese name for the plant, matatabi , is often found in works of Japanese culture in connection with cats.
- For the conventionality of specifying the class of dicotyledons as a superior taxon for the plant group described in this article, see the APG Systems section of the Dicotyledonous article .
- Encyclopedic Dictionary of Medicinal, Essential Oil and Poisonous Plants / Comp. G. S. Ogolevets. - M .: Selkhozgiz, 1951. - S. 13. - 584 p.