Fyodor Bogdanovich (Friedrich Karl) Schmidt ( German: Friedrich Karl Schmidt ; January 15 , 1832 , in the estate of Kaisma of the Livonia province - November 8 , 1908 ) - Russian geologist , botanist and paleontologist .
|Fedor Bogdanovich (Friedrich Karl) Schmidt|
|Friedrich karl schmidt|
|Date of Birth||January 15 (27), 1832|
|Place of Birth||Kaisma estate, Pernovsky district, Livonia province , Russian empire|
|Date of death||November 8 (21), 1908 (aged 76)|
|A place of death|
|Scientific field||geology , botany , paleontology|
|Place of work|
|Awards and prizes|
|Taxonomy of wildlife|
The author of the names of a number of botanical taxa . In the botanical ( binary ) nomenclature, these names are supplemented by the abbreviation F.Schmidt .
List of such taxa on the IPNI website
Personal page on IPNI website
- 1 Biography
- 2 Named after Fyodor Bogdanovich Schmidt
- 3 Printed Works
- 4 notes
- 5 Literature
- 6 References
In 1852 he graduated from the course as a candidate at the University of Dorpat .
Initially, he was engaged in botany and in 1855 received a master 's degree in this science, but soon turned to another branch of natural science , and devoted his scientific activity to the geological and paleontological study of the Silurian formations of the Baltic region , the best expert on which he was considered at that time.
From 1856 to 1859, Schmidt served as assistant director of the Derpt Botanical Garden .
In 1859, having proved himself to be a number of scientific works, he was invited by the Imperial Russian Geographical Society to take part as a geologist and botanist, head of the physical department of the Amur-Sakhalin expedition to the Amur Territory and to Sakhalin Island , where he worked in 1859-1862. As a result of the expedition, the fossil Jurassic flora of the Amur Region was found and Cretaceous and Tertiary deposits were discovered on Sakhalin. Together with P.P. Glen and A.D. Brylkin, he studied the flora of Sakhalin, gave the first description of the plant and geological structure of the island. Schmidt proposed the division of Sakhalin into two physiographic and plant areas: northeastern and southwestern. He compiled the first geological map of Peter the Great Bay . For work in the Far East, the Russian Geographical Society awarded Schmidt a gold medal.
In 1866 he was sent by the Academy of Sciences on a new expedition to the lower reaches of the Yenisei River to study the mammoth corpse found there.
In 1872 he was elected an adjunct , and in 1874 an academician of the Imperial Academy of Sciences  , continuing to work on the study of the fauna of the Silurian system, especially trilobites , on the study of glacial formations in the Baltic region and on the development of Siberian collections delivered by Russian scientific expeditions, and taking a live part in the activities of St. Petersburg learned societies and those of the Baltic region, in most of which he was an honorary member.
In 1873-1900 he was director of the Mineralogical Museum of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences.
Chairman of the Equipment Commission of the Russian Polar Expedition .
F. B. Schmidt was buried in St. Petersburg at the Smolensk Lutheran cemetery  .
Named after Fedor Bogdanovich Schmidt
The peninsula on Sakhalin , the mountain near Norilsk in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, and the volcano on Kamchatka are named after Schmidt; mountains in the northeast of Kotelny Island in the Novosibirsk Islands archipelago (named by E.V. Toll in 1902); mountain (Friedrich) on the island of Western Svalbard ; Cape on the Slantsev Peninsula in the Chernyshev Bay on the coast of Taimyr (named E.V. Toll in 1901).
Eduard Ludwigovich Regel named in his honor one of the species of birch that he found in Primorye - Birch Schmidt ( Betula schmidtii ).
Of the numerous works of Schmidt in geology, paleontology, botany and zoology, the following are of the greatest scientific importance:
- Untersuchungen über d. silurische Formation von Estland, Nord Livland u. Oesel, 1858
- Wissenschaftliche Resultate d. Mamuth-Expedition an den unterem Enisej // Proceedings of the Siberian Expedition, 1865-1874 (botanical, zoological, geological part, paleontology and historical reports)
- Schmidt F. B. and Glen P. P. Proceedings of the Siberian expedition of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society. Physical department. T. 1. Historical reports. SPb. 1868
- Fossils of the Cretaceous formation from Sakhalin Island // Transactions of the Siberian expedition of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society. Physical department. T. 3. issue. 1. SPb. 1873
- Botanical part // Proceedings of the Siberian expedition of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society. Physical department. T. 2. St. Petersburg. 1874
- Miscellanea silurica
- Revision der ostbaltischen silurischen Trilobiten, 1881-1902
- Revision of the Silurian trilobites of the Baltic States, 1881-1907 (250 species of trilobites are described and a scheme for the separation of Silurian deposits is given)