Viktor Genrikhovich Poznyak ( April 26, 1901 , Samarkand - August 12, 1983 , Moscow ) - Soviet military leader, lieutenant general ( April 20, 1945 ). Hero of the Soviet Union ( April 6, 1945).
|Victor Genrikhovich Poznyak|
|Date of Birth||April 26, 1901|
|Place of Birth||Samarkand|
|Date of death||August 12, 1983 (82 years old)|
|Place of death||Moscow|
|Type of army||cavalry |
|Years of service||1919 - 1938|
1939 - 1966
|Commanded||1st Kazan Rifle Regiment |
39th Rifle Brigade
360th Infantry Division
5th Guards Rifle Corps
77th Rifle Corps
29th Guards Rifle Corps
|Battles / wars||Civil war in Russia ; |
The fight against basmachi ;
The Great Patriotic War
|Awards and prizes|
Victor Genrikhovich Poznyak was born on April 26, 1901 in Samarkand.
In 1917 he graduated from high school.
In March 1919 he joined the ranks of the Red Army , after which he served as the Red Army command of the Samarkand Fortress , the Red Army and foreman of the squadron of the 12th Cavalry Regiment of the 3rd Separate Turkestan Cavalry Brigade and 3rd Turkestan Cavalry Division , the platoon and squadron commander of the 4th Kirgiz regiment of the 2nd Turkestan cavalry division . He took part in the hostilities on the Turkestan front .
In January 1921, Poznyak was sent to study at the Higher Cavalry School in Petrograd , after which in September of that year he was appointed to the position of squadron commander in the 40th Cavalry Regiment , and then to the same position in the 39th Cavalry Regiment as part of the 7th Samarkand cavalry division .
In August 1923 he was sent to study at the MV Frunze Military Academy , after which in July 1926 he was appointed to the post of chief of staff of the 81st cavalry regiment. In the same year he joined the ranks of the CPSU (b)
In 1928 he was appointed to the post of chief of staff of a separate Uzbek cavalry regiment, and in 1929 to the post of commander of a separate Tajik mountain rifle battalion.
From 1927 to 1931, Poznyak participated in military operations against armed groups in Tajikistan .
In 1931 he was appointed to the post of chief of the 1st department of the headquarters of the Central Asian military district , in 1934 - to the post of assistant chief of the 2nd department of the 1st department of the Headquarters of the Red Army , in January 1935 - to the post of commander of the 1st Kazan Rifle Regiment ( 1st Infantry division Kazan , Volga military District ), in February 1936 - to the position of chief of Staff of the 30th Cavalry division ( Leningrad military District ), and in September 1937 - a senior teacher of tactics Krasnoznamyonnogo refresher courses to andnogo composition .
In July 1938 he was arrested by the NKVD , but in May 1939 he was released and appointed to the post of teacher of tactics at the MV Frunze Military Academy , and in April 1941, to the post of senior tactical leader - deputy head of the course of this academy.
World War II
With the outbreak of war, Poznyak was in the same position.
In October 1941, he was appointed commander of the 39th Rifle Brigade , which took part in the Toropetsky-Kholmsky offensive operation , as well as in the liberation of the city of Toropets .
In February 1942, Poznyak was appointed commander of the 360th Infantry Division , which conducted fierce military operations against the enemy in the cities of Velizh and Demidov .
In February 1943, he was appointed to the post of chief of staff of the 43rd Army , which conducted defensive military operations along the shores of the lakes Lososno and Rytoye , and then took part in the Smolensk offensive operation .
In September 1943, he was appointed commander of the 5th Guards Rifle Corps , which took part in the course of the Dukhovshchinsk-Demidov offensive operation , as well as in the liberation of the cities of Dukhovshchina and Rudnya . In January 1944, the corps was withdrawn to the reserve of the 2nd Belorussian Front , and Viktor Genrikhovich Poznyak was placed at the disposal of the Main Directorate of Personnel of NCOs and until mid-February 1944 was treated at the Arkhangelskoye sanatorium, after which he was in the reserve of the Headquarters of the Supreme High Command .
In March 1944, Major General Poznyak was appointed commander of the 77th Rifle Corps , who, under his command, took part in the Lublin-Brest and Vistula-Oder offensive operations . Major General Viktor Poznyak organized a breakthrough by the enemy’s defense corps in the area of the town of Jablonná Legion , forcing the descent of the Vistula River, as well as fighting the corps during the liberation of Warsaw . Soon the corps took part in the course of the East Pomeranian and Berlin offensive operations , as well as during the liberation of the cities of Sochachev , Potsdam and Brandenburg .
By a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR dated April 6, 1945, Major General Viktor Genrikhovich Poznyak was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union with the awarding of the Order of Lenin and the Golden Star medal for skillfully leading the fighting of the corps and showing courage, bravery and heroism of the guard.
In July 1945, Poznyak was appointed commander of the 29th Guards Rifle Corps , and in February 1946, the post of Deputy Commander of the 8th Guards Army as part of the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany . Since June 1946, he served as Assistant Inspector General of the Rifle Forces of the Main Inspection of the Ground Forces. In November of the same year, he was appointed head of the Combat and Physical Training Directorate of the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany.
Since April 1948, he served at the K.E. Voroshilov Higher Military Academy as a senior teacher and deputy head of the department of the history of military art at the military history department, and since September 1956, as a head of the department of the history of war and military art.
Lieutenant-General Viktor Genrikhovich Poznyak resigned in July 1966 . He died on August 12, 1983 in Moscow . Buried Kuntsevo cemetery .
- Gold Star Medal ;
- two orders of Lenin (1945  , 1945);
- two orders of the Red Banner (1944  , 1949  );
- Order of Kutuzov 1st degree (1944);
- Order of Suvorov, 2nd degree (1943);
- Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky 2 degrees (05/31/1945)
- Order of the Patriotic War 2 degrees (1943);
- Order of the Red Star ;
- CCCP medals  ;
- Order and medals of Poland.
- ↑ 1 2 3 Awarded in accordance with the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR dated 06/04/1944 "On awarding orders and medals for the length of service in the Red Army . "
- ↑ Award sheet . Feat of the people . Date of treatment March 4, 2014.
Team of authors . World War II: Comcor. Military Biographical Dictionary / Edited by M. G. Vozhakin . - M .; Zhukovsky: Kuchkovo Field, 2006 .-- V. 1. - S. 438-439. - ISBN 5-901679-08-3 .
Poznyak, Victor Genrikhovich . Site " Heroes of the country ".