Nurafshon ( Uzbek. Nurafshon - lit. radiant, shining ) is a city of regional subordination, the administrative center of the Tashkent region of the Republic of Uzbekistan .
|Uzbek Nurafshon / Nurafshon|
|History and Geography|
|Former names||Toytepa, Buyuk Tuy-tepa, Mingtepa, Toy Tube|
|Timezone||UTC + 5|
|Population||49 731 people ( 2018 )|
|Nationalities||Uzbeks , Russians , Koreans , Tajiks , Kazakhs , Tatars|
|Denominations||Islam ( Sunnis ), Orthodoxy , Protestantism|
|Telephone code||+998 7076|
Received city status in 1973 . Until 2017, it was called Toytepa ( Uzbek. Toʻytepa / Тўайтепа ) and was a city of district subordination to the Urtachirchik district (former Srednechirchik district).
On August 25, 2017, the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan at its plenary meeting decided to rename the city of Toytep into Nurafshan  .
The city of Nurafshon is located 4 km from Toytepa railway station, on the Tashkent - Kokand highway, 25 km south of Tashkent .
The population of Nurafshon as of July 1, 2018 is 49,731 people. According to estimates, previously the city's population was more than 29,000 people, and in 1975 - 17,000 people.
The city has an aluminum ore processing plant, a sewing factory  , motor transport enterprises, and manufacturing enterprises.
In the city there is a secondary school N1 (the former named after A.S. Pushkin), which is one of the oldest schools in the city.
The school has Russian and Uzbek classes, as well as emphasis on the study of foreign languages of English, German, French and Korean.
Also in the city there is secondary school N48 (the former named after A.P. Gaidar, located on Toshkent Yuli Street), which also has Russian and Uzbek classes.
On the western outskirts of the city (along the Toytepa-Tuyabuguz road) is located the Ulkantetepe hillfort, which was severely destroyed as a result of the deployment of a military unit on it in Soviet times.
The ancient settlement was investigated: in 1875 - D.M. Gremenitsky, in 1884 - N. Primkulov and N.I. Veselovsky , in 1890 - I.I. Krause , in 1896 - members of the TCLA , in 1923 - M.E. Masson , in 1929 - A.A. Potapov, in 1958 - Yu.F. Buryakov and S.X. Ishanhanov.
Small excavations and archaeological research were carried out here. Only a rectangular shakhristan with an area of 20 hectares with a citadel in the northern part has survived.
Both the citadel and Shakhristan are surrounded by defensive walls, in the last - traces of 4 gates. The thickness of the cultural layer in places exceeds 10 meters.
The available material allows us to attribute the settlement of the area to the time of the first centuries AD, and the heyday of life - to the IX-X centuries and especially to the XI-XII centuries.
Identified with the medieval city of Nuket. Described by eastern geographers in the X-XII centuries A.D. in the era of the Karakhanids, a certain time was the capital of Ilak possession, which had its own mint.
During archaeological research, 2 ossuaries were discovered, dating from the VI century and belonging to the era of Zoroastrianism . At the moment they are in the Museum of the History of the Peoples of Uzbekistan in Tashkent .
- Nikolai Ivanovich Golubnichy, the full holder of the Order of Glory, lived and was buried in the city.
- Toytep city in TSB (inaccessible link)
- Change of the name of the city of Toytepa . National News Agency of Uzbekistan. Date of treatment August 25, 2017.
- Kabool Textile, Toshkent-To'y-tepa Textile Since 2005, the joint venture Spentex-Toytepa.