Jean Epstein ( fr. Jean Epstein ; March 25, 1897 , Warsaw , Russian Empire - April 2, 1953 , Paris , France ) - French film director , theorist , critic .
|Date of Birth||March 25, 1897|
|Place of Birth||Warsaw , Russian Empire|
|Date of death||April 2, 1953 (56 years old)|
|Place of death||Paris , France|
|Career||1922 - 1948|
Jean Epstein was born in Warsaw in 1897 . He spent most of his life in France, where since 1922, and began his creative career in cinema.
Brother of screenwriter and director Marie Epstein ( 1899 - 1995 ).
Jean Epstein was one of the first French directors to try to approach cinema from a theoretical point of view and determine his place among other arts. His first book, “The Poetry of Modernity — a New Stage in the Development of Consciousness ” was published in 1921 , and the last, “The Spirit of Cinema, ” was published posthumously in 1955
The main provisions of the aesthetic concept of Epstein developed under the strong influence of intuitionism and surrealism .
Epstein made an attempt to apply Bergson's theory of “duration” to the analysis of cinema art. He argues that cinema, unlike other arts, is able to convey the stream of being. Cinema frees perception from the schematic of intelligence, returning to a modern person a direct and naive sense of life.
In 1916 he entered the Lyon Medical Institute. His fascination with science runs parallel to the growing interest in literature, art, and, in particular, cinema. In July 1921, Epstein left Lyon and moved to Paris, where he became an assistant with Louis Delluc . He also works for the Edison de lasiren publishing house (French Éditions de la Sirène ), which allows him to release two books on cinema "Hello, Cinema" and "Lyrosophia". Thanks to these works, Epstein receives fame and the proposal to put on the feature film " Pasteur "   .
At the beginning of his creative activity, J. Epstein, being under the strong influence of Delluk, tried to imitate him and follow the principles of “ photogeny ”. An example is his two first paintings - “ Faithful Heart ” and “The Beautiful Nivernezka ”. Prior to staging these films, he worked as an assistant to director Benoit Levy .
" True Heart " ( 1923 ) is considered to be the most characteristic film reflecting Epstein's software installations.
Epstein continues to search for The Beautiful Niverzane . In this film, you can notice the characteristic features of a new direction, called with a light hand Marcel L'Erbier " Vanguard " of French cinema.
- 1922 - Pasteur / with Benoit Levy
- 1922 - Red Tavern
- 1923 - Faithful Heart / Fr. Coeur fidèle
- 1923 - The Beautiful Niveverza / Fr. "La Belle Nivernaise"
- 1924 - Leo Mughal
- 1924 - Poster
- 1926 - The Adventures of Robert Makar / fr. "Les Aventures de Robert Macaire"
- 1926 - Mopra
- 1927 - Trelejazh / fr. "La glace à trois faces"
- 1928 - The Fall of the Escher House
- 1929 - The End of the Earth
- 1947 - fr. Le Tempestaire
- 1948 - fr. "Les Feux de la mer"
- Yampolsky M. B. The Visible World: Essays on Early Cinema Phenomenology. - M .: Research Institute of Cinema, 1993. - S. 67. - 215 p.
- Yampolsky M. B. From the History of French Cinema Thought. Silent movie. 1911-1933 - M .: Art, 1988. - S. 103-106. - 317 p.
- Komarov V. History of foreign cinema. T. 1. A silent movie . - M.: Art , 1965 .
- Epstein, Jean on the Internet Movie Database