Mikadze ( Georgian მიქაძე, მიქაძეები ) is an ancient Georgian (Mingrelian) princely family. Apparently Svan origin. They belonged to the category of Didi Tavadi (დიდი თავადი). The princes of Mikadze inherited the posts of the Churaadidi and Nokalakevi Mouravas and the Chaladidi mdivanbegs . With these titles and posts, the clan is also mentioned during the reign of Levan V Dadiani . When describing the church of St. George in the town of Gamochinebuli in Guria, Dmitry Bakradze reports that “the cross, also containing inscriptions, silver with gilding and precious stones, is one of those that were usually worn in flocks”, among others it has the inscription: “Afrasiobou Mikadze may God forgive his sins. Whoever says pardon to him, may God have mercy. ” Bakradze believes that Afrosiob Mikadze was a figure in the first half of the 16th century, as other inscriptions dating back to the same time as the Afrosiob inscription mention the ruler of Guria Mamiya I Gurieli (d. 1534), rector of the Lazar monastery Nizharadze and the influential princes of that time, Javakh and Shedan Chiladze. The first mention of the princes Mikadze in written sources refers to 1582. In a letter to the ruler of Megrelia (apparently George III Dadiani ), the prince of Potia and Anakli is mentioned, the Moravian of the Chaladid and Nokalakev Bezhan Mikadze along with his brothers Beka, Katsiy and Peter. Prince Beku Mikadze, the elder brother of Bejan, as reported in the letter, "having caught the Bichvinti Tatars, and taking with them turned into Mohammedan law and made it a Pasha." Prince Peter Mikadze, the younger brother of Bejan, was sent to accompany Kartli, one of the Georgian kings (apparently Simon I ), and became the ancestor of the Kartli branch of the family, his descendants were in religious service, and were hereditary archpriests of the Tbilisi Zion Cathedral . Among the descendants of Peter Mikadze were Metropolitan Yevfimiy Tbileli (d. 1740) and Ambrosiy Nekreseli (ამბროსი ნეკრესელი, 1728-1812), as well as Georgian writer and statesman Iessei Osesdze / Mikadze, better known as Jesse Baratashvili. Famous descendants of Jesse Baratashvili, Prince Baratov, Joseph Alexandrovich (1872-1937), attorney, sworn attorney, deputy of the State Duma of the 1st convocation from the Tiflis province and Prince Baratov, Nikolai Nikolaevich (1865-1932) - Russian cavalry general. The descendants of Prince Bezhan Mikadze, Prince Sekhnia Mikadze and his eldest son Bezhan, on December 2, 1803, affixed their signatures to “Requests and the sworn promise of Prince Mingrelian Dadian at entering Russian citizenship.” The oath was taken in the fortress of Chaladidi. Based on this document, the descendants of Prince Sehniya Mikadze (his sons from his first marriage - Bejan, George, Gregory and Dmitry - and his sons from his second marriage with Princess Darejan Nakashidze - Konstantin and Manuchar) were recognized as princes of the Russian Empire in 1867 year after the final abolition of the autonomy of the Megrelian principality.
|Title||Prince Mikadze, Prince Poti and Anaklia, Mourav Chaladidi and Nokalakevi|
|Branches of the genus||Mikadze nobles|
|Genus||from the 16th century|
|Place of origin||Megrelian Principality|
There was also a noble branch of Mikadze. The descendants of Buchua Mikadze were recognized as the noble dignity of the Russian Empire in the village of Samikao.
The princes of Mikadze owned the fortress of Poti , Anaklia and Chaladidi , as well as extensive possessions in the vicinity of Nokalakevi . The following villages belonged to their hereditary possessions: Chaladidi (partially, an extensive property consisting of the Upper (ზემო) and Lower (ქვემო) Chaladidi, Chaladidi included the villages: Sagvichio, Sakorkio, Siriakkoni, Chaladidis-Mukhuri, Mikadze, Sachachuo, Sachachuo Poti et al.), Nokalakevi (partially), Zanati (partially), Samikao ; possessions began on the border of Megrelia and Imereti , the eastern border was the river Tskhenistskali , and stretched from east to west until the sea on both sides of the Rioni river.
Noble birth - vassals
Mikadze (noble branch), Berzeni, Boqueria, Gvamichava, Gvichiya, Ioseliani, Korkiya, Melia, Topuridze, Chachava, Shalamberidze and others.
Famous members of the clan
from the Mingrelian branch
- Mikadze Bezhan (XVI century) - prince of Potia and Anakli, Mourav Chaladid and Nokalakevsky
- Mikadze Levan (up. 1700), prince , son-in-law of the ruler of Megrelia Bejan Dadiani.
- Mikadze Nikolai Alexandrovich , Colonel, Msakhurtuhuts at the court of the owner of Megrelia, Catherine Chavchavadze / Dadiani
- Mikadze Nodar Valeryanovich (1927-2005), academician
- Mikadze Sehnia (late 18th century - early 19th century), prince , Chaladid morave.
from the Kartli branch of the clan
- Mikadze, Zaza Iesseyevich ( Euthymius of Tbilisi ) - Metropolitan of Tbilisi
- Mikadze, Jesse Iosifovich (Ies Oseseshvili), from 1764 he bore the name Baratashvili
- Mikadze, Nikolai Gabrielovich (1720-1786) - archpriest of the Zion Cathedral , the famous Georgian calligrapher.
- Mikadze, Ambrosius (1728-1812) - Metropolitan of Nekres (in the world Zakhary Mikadze, circa 1728 - c. 1812, Tiflis), Bishop of Nekres, Georgian church leader, preacher and poet.
- Mikadze, John Iosifovich (1750-1801) - archpriest of the Zion Cathedral, rector of the Tbilisi Theological Seminary
- Mikadze, Mikel Iesseyevich , priest, close associate of Tsar Vakhtang VI, the first publisher of the printed "The Knight in the Leopard's Skin" by Shota Rustaveli, published in 1712.
- AVPR, f. SPb. Main archive, 1-7, op. 6, 1803, d. 5, l. 17-27 (original in Georgian and Russian). Publ.: Dubrovin N. F. Transcaucasia from 1803-1806. — St. Petersburg, 1866. — S. 513-516. 1804 April 25
- Acts collected by the Caucasus Archaeographic Commission , Volume II, p. 507
- An annotated dictionary of personal names on Georgian historical documents of the 11th-17th centuries. (in Georgian), Tbilisi "Metznireba", 1991 Volume I, p. 179
- An annotated dictionary of personal names on Georgian historical documents of the 11th-17th centuries. (in Georgian), Tbilisi "Artanuji", 2004 Volume III, p. 192
- Bakradze D.Z. "Archaeological journey through Guria and Adchara", St. Petersburg, 1878 p. 235-236
- Borozdin K. A. "Transcaucasian memories", St. Petersburg, 1885
- Geological map of Simonovich S. and Sorokin A., Tiflis, 1887
- Georgian Prose, Book V (in Georgian), Tbilisi, "Sabchota Sakartvelo", 1983, pp. 562-698
- Georgian State Historical Archive fund 213, case No. 941
- Noble birth of the Russian Empire, volume IV, Moscow, LIKOMINVEST, 1998, pp. 177-180
- Ioseliani Avtandil, "Issues in the History of Georgian Writing, Books and Printing Houses" (in Georgian), Tbilisi, Metznireba, 1990, pp. 195-204
- Kutaisi Central Historical Archive, fund 1, Cases of recognition as a princely dignity: No. 4457, No. 5336, No. 5453, No. 5529, No. 5684, No. 6116, No. 6208.
- Kutaisi Central Historical Archive, fund 8, Statutory letters: inventory 1, file 813, sheets: 9-13, 42-45, 74-75.
- Orthodox Encyclopedia