Anshan ( Chinese р 鞍山 , pinyin : Ānshān ) is an urban district in the Liaoning province of the PRC .
|whale. Exercise 鞍山 , Pinyin : Ānshān|
|Included in||Liaoning Province|
|Includes||4 districts, 1 city district, 1 county, 1 autonomous district|
|Head of the city district||Gu chunli|
|History and Geography|
|Date of formation|
|Auto Code numbers|
The urban district stretches 133 km from west to east, along the Qianshan mountain range, and covers an area of 9,282 km². Anshan is located 89 km south of Shenyang , the provincial capital.
Archaeological research suggests a very ancient human presence in these places, about 20 thousand years ago.
During the Ming Empire, a post station was built here, which was called Anshan ("Saddle Mountain") due to the fact that there was a mountain nearby that resembled a horse saddle in shape. Then they began to mine iron, and a settlement grew near the postal station.
In 1918, a joint Sino-Japanese steel enterprise was established here. When Japan seized Manchuria in 1931 after the incident of September 18 , the enterprise became purely Japanese, and in 1933 it was renamed Showa Steel Works. When these lands became part of Manzhou-go , new steel enterprises began to be erected here. On December 1, 1937, the city of Anshan was officially formed.
The city became one of the largest industrial centers in Asia, as a result of which during the Second World War it became a constant target for American strategic bombers, and the Imperial Army of Japan allocated the 1st squadron of the 104th battle group to cover it. After 1945, these lands returned to China, but during the civil war they became the scene of one of the largest battles between the PLA and the NRA .
In February 1948, Anshan was taken by the People's Liberation Army of China. On July 9, 1949, the restored Anshan Steel Plant began work. Coal and iron mining began to develop. The development of heavy industry caused a deterioration of the environmental situation, and along with the fame of the largest steel producer, Anshan also gained fame as one of the most polluted places in China.
After the formation of the PRC, Xichang and Xiuyan counties became part of Liaodong Province , Tai'an counties became part of Liaoxi Province , and the city of Anshan, which, after being taken by the Communists, was directly subordinated to the Northeast People’s Government, became a city of central subordination on March 12, 1953. In 1954, the provinces of Liaodong and Liaosi were merged into the province of Liaoning, and the city of Anshan from a city of central subordination became a city of provincial subordination; the provinces were divided into “special areas”, and the Xicheng and Taian counties became part of the Liaoyang Special Region (辽阳 专区), and the Xiuyan County became part of the Andong Special Region (安 东 专区). In 1958, special districts were disbanded, and since 1959, Taiyang county came under the jurisdiction of the Shenyang authorities, Xiuyan county - under the jurisdiction of the Andun government (renamed Dandong in 1965), Haicheng county - under the jurisdiction of the Anshan authorities; Liaoyang County was annexed to Liaoyang City, which also came under the jurisdiction of the Anshan authorities.
On April 29, 1961, Liaoyang County was again separated from the city of Liaoyang into a separate administrative unit (while they both remained under the jurisdiction of the Anshan authorities). In 1964, the Shenyang Special District (沈 阳 专区) was formed, into which Taiyan County came under the jurisdiction of Shenyang. On December 16, 1965, the Liaonan Special Region (辽 南 专区) was formed, into which the districts of Liaoyang and Haicheng were transferred from under the jurisdiction of Anshan. On December 26, 1968, the Liaonan Special District was disbanded, and Haicheng County came under the jurisdiction of Yingkou authorities in the same year, Taiyang transferred from the Shenyang Special Region to the Panjin Agricultural District (盘锦 垦区), which was renamed Panjin County (盘锦 地区) in 1970.
In 1973, Xichang County was transferred to the jurisdiction of the Anshan authorities. In 1975, Tai'an County came under the jurisdiction of the Anshan authorities. On December 30, 1983, the Anshan Suburban District (郊区) became the Jubao District (旧 堡 区). On January 17, 1985, Xicheng County was transformed into a city county, and Xiuyan County was transformed into Xiuyan-Manchu Autonomous County. In 1992, the Xuan-Manchu Autonomous County was transferred from subordination to the Dandong authorities to submission to the Anshan authorities. In 1996, the Jubao area was renamed Qianshan.
The majority of the Anshan population are Han people (3.020 million people), the remaining 564 thousand people. - Miao , Hui , Zhuang , Tujia , buoys and about 40 national minorities.
Anshan City District is divided into 4 districts, 1 city district, 1 county, 1 autonomous county:
|Area (km²)||Population density (/ km²)|
|one||Area||Tedun||铁东区||Tiědōng qū||490,000||thirty||16 333|
|2||Area||Tesi||铁西 区||Tiěxī qū||290,000||34||8 529|
|3||Area||Lishan||立 山区||Lìshān qū||420,000||55||7 636|
|five||City county||Xichang||海 城市||Hǎichéng shì||1,130,000||2 732||414|
|6||County||Taian||台 安县||Tái'ān xiàn||380,000||1,393||273|
|7||Xiu Manchu Autonomous County||岫岩 满族 自治县||Xiùyán Mǎnzú|
Anshan is called the "steel capital" of China. The city is a major center for the extraction of iron ore and ferrous metallurgy.
Commercial air transportation of the city is served by Anshan Tengao Airport .
- The landscape attractions of the nearby Qianshan mountain range are peaks of unusual shapes, steep cliffs and slopes covered with centuries-old trees. Qianshan received the status of a natural zone of national importance.
- Hot springs and mud of the Tangantszi sanatorium, rich in minerals. The average temperature of the springs at any time of the year is +70 ° C.
- More than 40 monasteries and temples located on the slopes of the mountains.
- Jade Buddha Garden. Here is the world's largest (260 tons) Buddha , carved from jade (jade) . It is listed in the Guinness Book.
There are two large universities in the city:
- Liaoning University of Science and Technology (also called Anshan University of Science and Technology) and
- Anshan Pedagogical University .
|A country||City||Year of twinning|
On April 4, 1992, an agreement was signed on establishing twinning relations with the city of Lipetsk , and in 1998 and 2001 - agreements on mutual cooperation in the field of science, exchange of students and delegations, on advanced training of teachers, on mutual training of interns and postgraduate students.
- Wang Yuegu (born 1980) is a Singaporean athlete, silver medalist at the 2008 Table Tennis Olympics, and the 2010 World Champion.
- Li Xiaosia (born 1988) is a Chinese athlete, a table tennis player, a member of the PRC national team, the Olympic champion in singles and teams, the 2013 world champion in singles and the three-time world champion in doubles.
- Anshan - information about the territory, population and history of changes in the administrative-territorial division on the site 行政 区划 网(Chinese)
- www.panoramio.com - Photo of Anshan objects and their location on a satellite map