Ivan Pavlovich Lazarevich ( March 17 , 1829 , Mogilev - February 25 [ March 10 ] 1902 , St. Petersburg ) - Russian obstetrician-gynecologist, doctor of medicine, emeritus professor , secret adviser .
|Ivan Pavlovich Lazarevich|
|Date of Birth||March 17 (29), 1829|
|Place of Birth||Mogilev|
|Date of death||February 25 ( March 10 ) 1902 (72 years old)|
|Place of death||St. Petersburg|
|A country||Russian empire|
|Scientific field||medicine , obstetrics|
|Place of work||Kharkov University|
|Alma mater||University of St. Vladimir (1853)|
|Academic degree||doctor of medicine (1857)|
|Awards and prizes|
After graduating from the Mogilev gymnasium , in 1846 he entered the cameral department of St. Petersburg University , but after studying for four months, he left school due to family circumstances. In 1848 he entered Kiev University , whose medical faculty graduated as a doctor in 1853 and was left as an assistant in the obstetric clinic; at the same time he worked as a senior doctor in the cadet corps, where he also taught botany. In 1856 he was appointed assistant (deputy) director of the obstetric clinic.
In 1857, he defended his doctoral dissertation "De pelvis feminae metiendae rationibus" and since 1858 he was a privat-docent , and since 1859 - an assistant professor.
From August 1862 to 1890 I.P. Lazarevich was an ordinary professor at the Kharkov University for obstetric, female and childhood diseases. On his initiative, in 1869, a midwifery institute was established in Kharkov, which trained the nursing staff for Kharkov and the southern regions of Russia.
Since November 15, 1886 he was a member of the Council of the Minister of Education (at the same time was an indispensable member of the medical council of the Ministry of the Interior from the Ministry of Education); January 1, 1893 was promoted to the rank of Privy Councilor . He was awarded the Order of St. Anne 1st Art. (01.01.1896), St. Stanislav 1st century, St. Vladimir 3rd century, medal "In memory of the reign of Emperor Alexander III"  .
I.P. Lazarevich - author of more than 70 works in Russian, German, French and English and a two-volume textbook "Course of Obstetrics" (St. Petersburg, 1892); He was a member of many scientific societies in Russia, as well as the obstetric society in London (1866) and the gynecological society in Boston (1877).
He was known as the inventor of numerous obstetric instruments (brefot, fetal extraction hook, uterine probe, etc.), of which Lazerevich's forceps, due to their original device and ease of use, gained wide popularity. For his instruments and an atlas of gynecological and obstetric instruments, he was awarded in 1873 a gold medal at an exhibition in London.
He died on February 25 ( March 10 ), 1902 in St. Petersburg . He was buried at the Novodevichy cemetery  .
After his death, “The Catalog of Ancient Paintings of the Collection of the Honored Professor, Privy Councilor Ivan Pavlovich Lazarevich” was printed (Warsaw: Acc. Society of S. Orgelbrand Sons, 1902. - 107 pp.)
- Lazarevich, Ivan Pavlovich // Encyclopedic Dictionary of Brockhaus and Efron : 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional). - SPb. , 1890-1907.
- Kiryushchenkov A.P. Lazarevich Ivan Pavlovich // Big Medical Encyclopedia (BME), edited by Petrovsky B.V., 3rd edition. T. 2.