Ignatius Leonovich (Ignacy Ludwigovich-Marianovich) Dzevaltowski ( Dzevyaltovsky , Polish. Ignacy Gintowt-Dziewałtowski , pseudonym Jurin ; July 14, 1888 , Pliski Vilnius province - December 1925 ) - Polish revolutionary, participant in the October Revolution .
|Ignatius Leonovich Dzevaltovsky|
|polish Ignacy Gintowt-Dziewałtowski|
|Date of Birth||1888|
|Place of Birth||Plishki, Vilna Province , Russian Empire|
|Date of death||1925|
|Place of death||Poland|
|Affiliation|| Russian empire|
|Years of service|| 1915 - 1917|
1917 - 1922
1920 - 1922
1922 - 1925
1925 - 1925
|Battles / wars||Civil war in Russia|
Born in 1888 in a noble family. He graduated from Vilenskoye real school. Since 1903 he participated in the revolutionary movement in the Baltic states and Poland. Since 1908 - member of the Polish Party of Socialists. He studied at the Lviv Polytechnic Institute and the St. Petersburg Psychoneurological Institute, but did not graduate (graduated from 4 courses of the Faculty of Natural Sciences).
On September 29, 1914, he was enrolled in the Pavlovsk Military School as a cadet on the basis of voluntary first category and completed a 4-month accelerated school course. February 1, 1915 promoted to ensign. He served in the Life Guards of the Grenadier Regiment: junior officer of the reserve battalion of the Life Guards of the Grenadier Regiment (until August 1915), junior officer of the Life Guards of the Grenadier Regiment (from August 1915), commander of the 14th company of the same regiment (in 1917 ) He was awarded the Order of St. Anne, 4th art. with the inscription "For courage", St. Stanislav 3rd art. with swords and bow, St. Anne 3rd art. with swords and bow. Headquarters Captain.
Revolution and Civil War
In March 1917 he was elected chairman of the regimental committee of the Life Guards of the Grenadier Regiment and a member of the Army Committee of the 11th Army. In April 1917 he joined the RSDLP (b) , was engaged in revolutionary agitation in the army.
|In Kiev, the case of the famous Bolshevik, headquarters captain of the Grenadier Guards regiment Dzevaltovsky, was accused, who, together with 78 accomplices, was accused of refusing to take part in the offensive, and of drawing his regiment and other units to the rear. The process took place under the following circumstances: in the meeting room there was a crowd of armed soldiers expressing their approval with a loud cry to the defendants; Dzevaltovsky, on his way from the guardhouse to the court, went along with the escorts to the local Council of Soldiers and Workers' Deputies, where he received a standing ovation; finally, during a jury meeting, armed reserve battalions lined up in front of the courthouse, with an orchestra of music and singing of the Internationale. Dzevaltovsky and all his accomplices were, of course, justified. A. Denikin "Democratization of the army": management, service and life.|
In October 1917 - a member of the Petrograd Military Revolutionary Committee . Since October 26 ( November 8 ) 1917 - Commissioner of the Winter Palace . C October 27 ( November 9 ) 1917 - Deputy Commander of the Petrograd Military District, a member of the headquarters to combat the rebellion of Krasnov-Kerensky. On November 16 (29), 1917, he was the chief commissioner of the military educational institutions of the Republic. In 1918, he was the chief commissioner of the Office of Military Educational Institutions of the All-Russian General Staff . Since October 1918 - Commissioner of the General Headquarters . In 1919 - Chairman of the Central Provisional Commission to Combat Desertion, member of the Revolutionary Military Council of the 12th Army. In June-August 1919 - Deputy People's Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs of the Ukrainian SSR . In August-October 1919 - People's Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs of the Ukrainian SSR.
Activities in Siberia and the Far East
From October 1919 to March 1920 - assistant commander of the Eastern Front, member of the Revolutionary Military Council of the 5th Army . In 1920, a member of the Dalbyuro of the Central Committee of the RCP (B.) , Minister of War of the Far Eastern Republic , Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Far Eastern Republic . During this period, the pseudonym Ignatius Yurin used . In August 1920 - May 1921 - diplomatic representative of the FER in China. In agreement with the NKID of the RSFSR, in June 1920, a diplomatic mission headed by Dzevaltovsky was sent to China from the FER capital of Verkhneudinsk ( Ulan-Ude ). He proposed to establish consular relations between China and the Far Eastern Democratic Republic, conclude a trade agreement and solve the problem of the CER . However, the mission in Beijing was accepted only as a trade delegation. During his stay in Beijing, he repeatedly met there with Bertrand Russell , to whom he provided moral and material support during and after the serious illness of the British philosopher  .
Since January 1922, he was authorized by the People’s Commissariat of the Workers and Peasants Inspectorate of the RSFSR in the Southeast (in Rostov). From April 1922 to March 1923 - member of the Economic Council of the South-East of the RSFSR, then until May 1924 - Deputy Chairman of the Board of the Russian Society of Voluntary Air Fleet. In 1924 - representative of the Executive Committee of the Communist International at the Bulgarian Communist Party. In March - November 1925 - a resident of the Intelligence Directorate of the Headquarters of the Red Army in the Baltic. In November 1925 he fled to Poland. He was an adviser to Marshal Pilsudski . He died in 1925, allegedly poisoned by Soviet agents.